地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (11): 2099-2107.doi: 10.11821/yj2010110018

• 理论与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

论地理学构想的哲学体系

阙维民   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-10 修回日期:2010-05-26 出版日期:2010-11-20 发布日期:2010-11-20
  • 作者简介:阙维民(1957-),男,浙江省杭州人,教授,博导。主要研究方向为人文地理、历史地理与世界遗产研究。E-mail:wmque@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    科技部科技基础性工作专项资助项目(2007FY140800)

On philosophical system of geographical imagination

QUE Wei-min   

  1. College of Urban and Environment Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2010-01-10 Revised:2010-05-26 Online:2010-11-20 Published:2010-11-20

摘要:

地理学研究中的"构想"意识,其语言结构及其词义均可追溯到古希腊时代,由哲学、心理、艺术、社会等学科逐渐渗透到地理学科,社会学构想是激发地理学构想的直接对应因素。地理学构想的运用范畴是今日异域、往日本土与往日异域。地理研究中的构想研究,包括四个部分:地理现实、地理的构想、地理学构想、构想的地理。在哲学意义上,即现象、感知、认知与表述四个环节。地理学构想中的构想,具有思想、分析、探索、批评、发现、观念、视野、设计、设想等多层含义,是想像或想象、印象与意象的总称。在理论与方法上,"地理学构想"包括了传统地理学的历史叙述分析方法、现代地理学的科学实证主义方法与当代地理学的人文主义方法。所谓"构想",即"研究";所谓"地理学构想",实质上是贯穿了近代科学启蒙主义、现代科学实证精神与后现代人文关怀的地理学研究。

关键词: 哲学体系, 地理的构想, 地理学构想, 构想的地理

Abstract:

The linguistic meaning of "imagination" in geographical imagination can date back to the classic Greece. It is gradually permeated into geographical discipline from philosophy, psychology, literature, arts and sociology etc. Sociological imagination is the agent to directly stimulate geographical imagination. The application range of geographical imagination is limited in present foreign area, past native area and past foreign area. The study on geographical imagination consists of four parts: geographic reality, geographic imagination, geographical imagination and imagined geography, which are respectively four philosophical sectors: phenomenon, mental perception, recognition and description. Of geographical imagination, the term "imagination" has multi-meanings such as thought, analysis, inquiry, critique, discovery, ideas, vision, design, conceit, etc. which is the general term of imagination (imaginary, imaginative), imagine (imagining, imagined), image and imagery. In the aspects of the theory and method, "geographical imagination" includes the methods of historical narration analysis in traditional geography, scientific positivism in modern geography, and humanism in contemporary geography. What is known as the term "imagination" is "study" or "research". What is known as "geographical imagination" is really geographical research combined with scientific enlightenment in recent antiquity, scientific positivism in modern times, and humanity concerning in post-modern times.

Key words: philosophical system, geographic imagination, geographical imagination, imagined geography