地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (12): 2132-2142.doi: 10.11821/yj2010120003

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江三角洲产业链地域分工的实证研究——以汽车制造产业为例

李少星1,2, 顾朝林3   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210093;
    2. 山东省城乡规划设计研究院,济南 250013;
    3. 清华大学建筑学院,北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2010-05-03 修回日期:2010-10-26 出版日期:2010-12-20 发布日期:2010-12-20
  • 作者简介:李少星(1983-),男,河北宁晋人,博士研究生。主要从事城市与区域规划研究。E-mail:lisx_198327@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971092)

Empirical study on the intra-product specialization of Yangtze River Delta: A case study of auto manufacturing industry

LI Shao-xing1,2, GU Chao-lin3   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Shandong Urban and Rural Planning Design Institute, Jinan 250013, China;
    3. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 10084, China
  • Received:2010-05-03 Revised:2010-10-26 Online:2010-12-20 Published:2010-12-20

摘要:

产业链分工是地域分工的演变趋势。由于汽车产业生产组织的特点和较高的产业链迂回程度,选择汽车产业发育较为成熟的长江三角洲地区,进行产业链地域分工的实证研究。首先把汽车制造产业链划分为一般零部件制造、总成与分总成、整车制造与改装3个生产区段,然后对各生产区段生产产值的地域分布进行空间分析和定量计算,概括长江三角洲产业链地域分工的特点。空间分析表明:20世纪末期以来,地域分工的形态和内容已经表现出新的变化特征,低区段生产单元的空间布局更加分散;不同生产区段的组合主要表现为两种形式,即本地组合和近域推进;低区段生产向外扩散以近域扩散为主。借鉴生态位宽度和生态位重叠方法进行定量研究后发现,1990~2005年间的长江三角洲地区汽车产业三大区段间的地域分工程度虽然较低,但已经有一定发展,主要表现为整车生产与改装区段的空间分布相对集中,总成与分总成尤其是零部件生产则呈现出向外扩散的发展趋势。

关键词: 产业链分工, 汽车产业, 生态位, 长江三角洲

Abstract:

The spatial separation is the important tendency of the organizing model in the process of product manufacturing. It is of great theoretical and practical significance to explore the methods of the quantitative measurement and demonstrate the general characters of spatial pattern of the intra-product specialization. The paper takes the Yangtze River Delta Region (YRDR) as an example, where the auto manufacturing industry growth is more mature than elsewhere in China and the diffusion and re-combination of its production sector is very active. According to the producing process, the automobile industry chain is divided into three sections, namely the Parts Manufacturing (PM) section, the Parts Assembly (PA) section and the Complete and Re-assembled Vehicle Manufacturing (CRVM) section respectively. After calculation of every section's output value of each county in YRDR and comparison of the changes among different periods, this article summarizes the spatial evolution process of auto manufacturing chain in YRDR. The spatial process from 1990 to 2005 evaluated by the method of niche width and niche overlap shows that: (1) the diffusing performance of the three sections differs from each other. Unlike the CRVM section's diffusing at first and then concentrating, the PM section diffuses all along and moves faster than the PA section which also spreads through the study period; (2) the niche overlap among the three sections are relatively high and have somewhat decreased, which demonstrates that the combination between them is somehow prevalent. To some extent, the combination between CRVM section and PA section is increasing. However, the phenomenon of coupling CRVM section and PM section, especially PA section and PM section is lessening.

Key words: intra-product specialization, auto manufacturing industry, niche, Yangtze River Delta