地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (12): 2233-2242.doi: 10.11821/yj2010120012

• 环境与生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市群工业发展的生态环境效应——以武汉城市群为例

蔺雪芹1, 方创琳2   

  1. 1. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院, 北京 100048;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-05 修回日期:2010-09-28 出版日期:2010-12-20 发布日期:2010-12-20
  • 作者简介:蔺雪芹(1980-),女,甘肃武威市人,博士,讲师。主要从事区域和城市可持续发展研究。 E-mail:linxueq@sohu.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971101);国家"十一五"科技支撑计划重点项目(2006BAJ14B03)

Research on the eco-environment effect of industrial development in city group: A case of Wuhan City Group

LIN Xue-qin1, FANG Chuang-lin2   

  1. 1. College of Resources Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2010-01-05 Revised:2010-09-28 Online:2010-12-20 Published:2010-12-20

摘要:

随着城市群生态环境问题和环境对城市群刚性约束作用的日益明显,城市群产业发展对生态环境的影响日渐受到关注。本文从环境影响和资源利用的角度出发,构建工业生态环境影响指数,定量对武汉城市群工业发展的生态环境影响进行综合评价。结果表明: 1997~2006年,武汉城市群经济结构调整战略推动工业结构演变,呈现出轻工业比重下降、重工业比重上升与高新技术产业快速发展的态势;工业生态环境影响指数在时间序列上表现出先下降后上升的趋势,空间上表现为各城市间影响指数分异趋于明显,特别是位于城市群东部的黄石、鄂州、黄冈三市,工业发展对生态环境的影响突出。有鉴于此,本文提出了今后推动武汉城市群"资源节约型和环境友好型社会"建设的思路和建议。

关键词: 工业发展, 生态环境效应, 武汉城市群

Abstract:

As the eco-environment problem in city group becomes more serious and the eco-environment constraint becomes more obvious, the effect of industrial development on eco-environment is receiving more and more attention. Based on the previous research, taking resources utilization and environment influence as an important factor, the paper constructs the eco-environment influence coefficient of industrial branches and the eco-environment influence index of industrial structure, and quantitatively evaluates the eco-environment effect of industrial development in Wuhan City Group from 1997 to 2006. Results show that: in 1997~2006, the scale of industry in Wuhan City Group expanded continuously, the proportion of light industry dropped and the heavy industry increased, and the high-tech industries developed rapidly. The eco-environment influence index of industrial structure dropped first and rose later. The index in all cities kept increasing except Wuhan city. The index in different cities varied greatly with Tianmen being lowest and Huangshi highest. However, the relative difference was enlarged at first and then narrowed. The spatial differentiation of the eco-environment influence index of industrial structure tended to be apparent, the effect of industrial development on eco-environment were prominent especially in Huangshi, Ezhou and Huanggang. The industrial growth in cities presented an unsustainable development pattern except Wuhan City. Accordingly, the paper presents the proposals to promote resource-saving and environment-friendly society construction in Wuhan City Group, including strictly controlling the development of high energy consumption or heavy pollution industry, widely applying advanced technologies to upgrade traditional industries, extending the industry chain and making great effort to develop circular economy.

Key words: industrial development, eco-environmental effect, Wuhan City Group