地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 10-22.doi: 10.11821/yj2011010002

• 文化与旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于景观破碎度分析的传统地域文化景观保护模式——以浙江诸暨市直埠镇为例

王云才   

  1. 同济大学建筑与城市规划学院景观学系,上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2010-04-03 修回日期:2010-08-30 出版日期:2011-01-20 发布日期:2011-01-20
  • 作者简介:王云才(1967-),男,教授,博士,博士生导师,景观学系副主任,主要从事景观规划设计和生态规划设计理论与实践研究。E-mail:wyc1967@tongji.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助(50878162)

The models of traditional culture landscape conservation based on landscape fragmentation analysis: A case study of Zhibuzhen in Zhejiang Province

WANG Yun-cai   

  1. Landscape Studies Department, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2010-04-03 Revised:2010-08-30 Online:2011-01-20 Published:2011-01-20

摘要: 传统地域文化景观空间的破碎度研究是在借鉴自然生态空间破碎度研究的基础上,吸收破碎度研究的经验、理论、观点和方法,以整体人文生态系统为对象,将传统地域文化景观看做是人类生存与发展的地方性生境,研究传统地域文化景观的时空过程与景观格局,目的在于探讨传统地域文化景观连续性和整体性保护的模式。以浙江省诸暨市直埠镇作为典型案例,通过对2005年和2007年两个时段因村庄合并和经济社会发展形成的景观特征、破碎度和景观动态的对比,揭示出现代工业用地、现代商业用地和现代建筑空间是导致破碎度形成的机理和重点因素,并将影响斑块划分为主动、被动、中性三种变动特征,建立控制、优化和调整的斑块控制体系,以及传统地域文化景观空间网络模式、传统景观空间整合模式和景观组分整合模式,可实现传统地域文化景观空间的连续性和完整性。

关键词: 破碎度, 传统地域文化景观, 景观空间保护, 镇域尺度, 直埠镇

Abstract: In order to monitor and assess the extent of the impacts of development on historic integrity, this research tries to provide a tool for doing this, draws on the experiences of natural ecological space fragmentation and researches the spatial and temporal process and landscape patterns of the traditional culture landscape taking the total human ecosystem as a local habitat of humans. Zhibuzhen, located in the north of Zhuji City in Zhejiang Province, is the focus of this research. The fragmentation level of the traditional cultural landscape is evident with small amounts of decline from 2005 (0.0301) to 2007 (0.029), which was influenced by modern industrial land-use, multi-pond, modern commercial land-use, modern architecture development, modern yard and design changes in traditional open space and modern open space, which are divided into the active, passive and neutral patches with different functions.
Based on these, the models of traditional culture landscape space conservation are discussed. (1) Establishing the network of traditional culture landscape spaces, remaining traditional architecture spaces with large areas and as the passive factor in each core reservation area and removing the modern architecture spaces which are next to and as the active patches. The active patches were organized to control the scale and style of these patches and connect the two centers with natural or semi-natural corridors to decrease the fragmentation of total landscape. (2) Establishing the integrating models through setting up comprehensive rural settlements, adjusting landscape spaces of traditional village and rebuilding micro corridors and eco-steps at the village level. (3) Optimizing landscape factors through developing the active factors in right way, conserving the passive factors in order to keep its continuity and implanting the neutral factors into and around traditional culture landscape in order to interweave and surround traditional landscapes.
In this case the landscape should be managed according to different spaces and different attributes at the town level. A buffer system can be established based on natural landscape, farmland, man-made lakes, green belts and city or rural parks. The preserved village as a central knot of the traditional network should be surrounded by enough buffer spaces. So, this research demonstrates that the traditional culture landscape network and modern landscape network can coexist in an interweaving network.

Key words: fragmentation, conservation, cultural landscape space, town area level, Zhibuzhen