地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 243-255.doi: 10.11821/yj2011020005

• 环境与生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

东北地区矿业城市产业生态系统适应性评价

仇方道1, 佟连军2, 姜萌1   

  1. 1. 徐州师范大学城市与环境学院,徐州 221116;
    2. 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所,长春 130012
  • 收稿日期:2010-07-21 修回日期:2010-11-15 出版日期:2011-02-20 发布日期:2011-02-20
  • 通讯作者: 佟连军,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事生态经济方面的研究。E-mail: tonglj@neigae.ac.cn E-mail:tonglj@neigae.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:仇方道(1970-),男,江苏丰县人,副教授,博士,主要从事区域可持续发展方面的研究。 E-mail:qiufangdao@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40635030、41071086);江苏省高校哲学社会科学基金项目(08SJB7900024)

Adaptability assessment of industrial ecological system of mining cities in Northeast China

QIU Fang-dao1, TONG Lian-jun2, JIANG Meng1   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China;
    2. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS, Changchun 130012, China
  • Received:2010-07-21 Revised:2010-11-15 Online:2011-02-20 Published:2011-02-20

摘要: 在对矿业城市产业生态系统适应性内涵进行界定的基础上,基于易损性、敏感性、稳定性和弹性等适应性要素构建了矿业城市产业生态系统适应性评价指标体系和评价模型,并据此对东北地区矿业城市产业生态系统适应性分异特征、类型及影响因素进行了深入探讨,发现:东北矿业城市产业生态系统适应能力呈正态分布;从资源类型看,东北矿业城市产业生态系统系统适应性呈现冶金类>综合类>煤炭类>石油类的特征;从空间格局看,呈现辽宁省>吉林省>黑龙江省的变化趋势;从发展阶段看,呈现老年期>中年期>幼年期的递变规律;从城市规模看,呈现特大城市>大城市>中等城市的递变规律。据此,采用聚类分析方法,将东北矿业城市产业生态系统分为4种类型,即高适应能力、协调发展类型;高适应能力、环境优先类型;低适应能力、协调发展类型;低适应能力、环境优先类型。

关键词: 适应性, 产业生态系统, 矿业城市, 东北地区

Abstract: Adaptation is a wise choice for industrial ecosystem to face up the inevitable environment changes. It also provides a new paradigm for the study of interaction mechanisms and processes of coupled industrial ecosystem. There are a lot of mining cities in Northeast China, which approach their middle-age or old-age of resources exploitation. Faced with their disappearing superior status in resources problems, the subject on how to adjust the industrial ecosystem to the possible changes in the future, has become urgent in revitalizing the old industrial base of Northeast China. Based on a detailed discussion about the conception of industrial ecosystem adaptation of mining cities, the essay establishes an industrial adaptability assessment index system and model of mining cities from the aspects of adaptation factors of vulnerability, sensitivity, stability and resilience. According to the model, the industrial ecosystem adaptability, including regional differentiation, types and influencing factors of mining cities is evaluated. From a view of different resource types, the average score of industrial ecosystem adaptation shows a trend of metallurgical cities>multi-resources cities>coal cities>petroleum cities. From a view of regional differences, it shows a trend of Liaoning>Jilin>Heilongjiang; from a view of development stages, it has a trend of old-aged>middle-aged>juvenile-aged; from a view of mining city size, it shows a trend of mega-cities>big cities>medium-sized cities. Then a cluster analysis method is applied to categorize the industrial ecosystems into four types: high adaptability and harmonious development between industry and ecology, high adaptable capacity and environmental development first, low adaptability and harmonious development between industry and ecology, low adaptable capacity and environmental development first.

Key words: adaptation, industrial ecosystem, mining cities, Northeast China