地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 348-358.doi: 10.11821/yj2011020014

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆塔河流域城镇化空间格局演变及驱动因素

李雪梅1,2, 张小雷1, 杜宏茹1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐 830011;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-05-20 修回日期:2010-09-06 出版日期:2011-02-20 发布日期:2011-02-20
  • 通讯作者: 张小雷(1963-),男,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究城市地理与区域规划。 E-mail:zhangxl@ms.xjb.ac.cn E-mail:zhangxl@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:李雪梅(1983-),女,博士研究生,研究方向为城市地理与区域规划。E-mail:lixuemei0924@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    西部之光人才(XBBS 200812 );国家自然科学基金项目(40601032)

Spatial distribution of the comprehensive level of urbanization and its driving factors in Tarim River Basin

LI Xue-mei1,2, ZHANG Xiao-lei1, DU Hong-ru1   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-05-20 Revised:2010-09-06 Online:2011-02-20 Published:2011-02-20

摘要: 运用熵值法从城镇人口、经济、社会和空间方面对新疆塔里木河流域2000年和2008年两个时期的城镇化综合发展水平进行测度,并借助GIS技术,运用空间聚类法和空间自相关法对城镇化水平的空间演变及分异进行分析,结果表明:城镇化综合水平在空间分布上存在较大差异,但基本格局保持稳定,区域城镇化综合水平较高的主要集中在巴州和阿克苏地区,而城镇化综合水平较低的主要集分布在和田、喀什、克州等地区,差距在不断扩大。同时,城镇化综合水平表现出较弱的空间自相关性,相似的地区在空间上呈现较弱集聚分布。热点区的空间结构多表现以库尔勒为核心的圈状空间结构。矿产资源开发、交通区位条件、区域经济发展以及重大项目投资是塔河流域城镇化综合水平产生空间分异的主要驱动因素,从而可针对性地制定提高塔河流域城镇的城镇化水平的对策。

关键词: 塔河流域, 城镇化, 空间格局, 驱动因素

Abstract: From the essential meaning of urbanization, based on the entropy method, from the urban population, economy, society and space, this paper estimates the comprehensive level of urbanization in Xinjiang Tarim River Basin in 2000 and 2008. GIS technology, spatial clustering method and spatial autocorrelation are used to analyze the spatial evolution of the comprehensive level of urbanization. The results show that the comprehensive levels of urbanization are quite different in the spatial distribution, but the holistic pattern of the comprehensive level of urbanization was stable, the high comprehensive levels of urbanization are found to be mainly in the Bayangol and Aksu areas, while areas with lower urbanization level are located in Hotan, Kashi and Kizilsu regions. Meanwhile the gap is widening, and the comprehensive level of urbanization showed a weak spatial autocorrelation. The space structure of the hotspot distribution tends to be the circular space structure centered in Korla. Finally, the development of mineral resources, convenient traffic, regional economic growth as well as investment in major projects were the driving factors of the spatial differentiation of the comprehensive level of urbanization, and thus the government should make policies to raise the level of urbanization in Tarim River Basin.

Key words: the comprehensive level of urbanization, spatial pattern, driving factor, Tarim River Basin