地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 387-396.doi: 10.11821/yj2011030001

• 名家论坛 •    下一篇

人文—经济地理学的方法论及其特点

陆大道   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
  • 收稿日期:2011-02-10 修回日期:2011-02-18 出版日期:2011-03-20 发布日期:2011-03-20
  • 作者简介:陆大道(1940-),男,安徽人,研究员,中国科学院院士,主要从事区域发展与产业布局研究。 E-mail: ludd@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目"三维目标空间中的区域发展"(40871071)

The methodology of human-economic geography and its characteristics

LU Da-dao   

  1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-02-10 Revised:2011-02-18 Online:2011-03-20 Published:2011-03-20

摘要: 论述了人文-经济地理学的基本方法论和人-地系统的特征,倡导开展"人-地系统动力学研究"。阐明人文-经济地理学学科的方法论及其特点,将有利于这门学科理论体系的发展和研究水平的提高,也有助于学术界特别是自然科学范畴内对人文-经济地理学及可持续发展研究在资源环境研究中的地位逐步形成共识,促进地球表层领域内资源-环境(包括生态)-可持续发展研究框架的形成。针对少数学者的偏见,强调并分析了人文-经济地理学中的不确定性及其科学性。

关键词: 人文—经济地理学, 人—地系统, 方法论, 不确定性

Abstract: Based on the analysis of the background of geographical development, this paper expounds the basic methodology of human-economic geography and the characteristics of man-land system, and proposes studies on "man-land system dynamics". The paper is an effort to develop a comprehensive theory system and to improve academic research of human-economic geography by expatiating its methodology and characteristics. It can also contribute to forging a consensus that human-economic geography and sustainable development research have had a significant position for academia, especially for physical science; meanwhile, to promoting formation of research framework on resource-environment (including ecological)-sustainable development study in earth surface system.Being dead against the prejudice of a few scholars, it emphasizes and analyzes the uncertainty and scientific characteristics of human-economic geography.

Key words: human-economic geography, man-land system, methodology, uncertainty