地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 424-436.doi: 10.11821/yj2011030004

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

转型时期广州城市公共服务设施空间分析

高军波1, 周春山2, 王义民1, 江海燕2,3   

  1. 1. 信阳师范学院城市与环境科学学院,信阳 464000;
    2. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心,广州 510275;
    3. 广东工业大学建筑与城市规划学院,广州 510090
  • 收稿日期:2010-05-08 修回日期:2010-11-02 出版日期:2011-03-20 发布日期:2011-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 周春山(1964-),男,河南人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事城市地理、城市内部空间结构、城市与区域规划等方面的研究。E-mail:zhoucs@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:zhoucs@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:高军波(1979-),男,河南信阳人,博士,讲师,主要从事城市内部空间结构、城市与区域规划研究。 E-mail:gaojunbo689@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971097);教育部人文社科青年基金(10YJC840036);信阳师范学院博士科研启动基金项目

Spatial analysis on urban public service facilities of Guangzhou City during the economy system transformation

GAO Jun-bo1, ZHOU Chun-shan2, WANG Yi-min1, JIANG Hai-yan2,3   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environment Science, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, Henan, China;
    2. Center for Urban and Regional Research, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    3. College of Archifecture and Urban Planning, Guangdong University of Techology, Guangzhou 510090, China
  • Received:2010-05-08 Revised:2010-11-02 Online:2011-03-20 Published:2011-03-20

摘要: 通过构建城市公共服务设施空间分布综合公平指数模型,借助三维模拟及GIS空间自相关技术,探讨了广州城市公共服务设施空间分布格局、公平性特征及其形成机制。结果表明:广州城市公共服务设施空间分布呈核心—边缘格局,区域供给规模差异大且与人口分布不相协调,区际及不同类型设施的空间聚集水平差异显著;城市公共服务设施空间分布综合公平程度总体较低,且整体综合公平水平低于大部分单类设施综合公平水平,综合公平程度在空间分布上呈以越秀区和海珠区北部为核心的单中心圈层结构空间格局,不同圈层间综合公平程度差异较大;地理环境、历史沉积、经济发展及转型期制度政策变革是驱动广州城市公共服务设施空间格局演进主导因素,体现出西方国家城市公共资源配置过程中"城市生态法则"和"专业化决策机制"共同作用的特征。

关键词: 城市公共服务设施, 空间公平性, 广州市

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the spatial pattern, characteristics of equity and its formational mechanism of urban public service facilities in Guangzhou city by constructing the integrated equity index model, using three-dimensional simulation and spatial autocorrelation techniques based on GIS. We concluded that the urban public service facilities of Guangzhou shows a core-periphery spatial distribution pattern. There are great differences of public service facilities provision in different districts of Guangzhou, and the public service facilities provision are not coordinated with the population distribution, which is significantly different from aggregation levels among different districts and facilities. The general provision level of urban public service facilities is found to be low and has an unbalanced distribution. And the spatial distribution of comprehensive fair level is a single center circle structure, with the Yuexiu and northern Haizhu district as the core, and the differences between the central city and peripheral areas are distinct. The geographical environment, historical accumulatition, economic development and the reform of institutions and policies during the transitional period have been the main factors driving the evolution of spatial patterns of urban public services in Guangzhou, which was the result of interaction of 'urban ecological law' and 'professional decision-making mechanism'. Finally, this article proposes that the spatial distribution research of urban public service facilities should combine the macro-spatial analysis with micro-survey from the facilities-user standpoint, which can guide public facilities provision and help to realize the'equalization of public services'.

Key words: urban public service facilities, spatial equity, Guangzhou City