地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 477-485.doi: 10.11821/yj2011030008

• 文化与旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

晚明旅游资源类型结构与地域分布——以《三才图会·地理》与《名山胜记》为数据来源

任唤麟1, 龚胜生2, 周军2   

  1. 1. 淮北师范大学历史与社会学院,淮北 235000;
    2. 华中师范大学城市与环境科学学院,武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2010-04-27 修回日期:2010-07-29 出版日期:2011-03-20 发布日期:2011-03-20
  • 作者简介:任唤麟(1971-),男,湖南沅江人,博士,讲师,主要从事人文地理、历史旅游地理与区域可持续发展研究,E-mail:dongting2007010254@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    华中师范大学中央高校科研业务费专项资金科研项目(2009018)

Study on the composition of types and geographical distribution of tourism resources in the Late Ming Dynasty

REN Huan-lin1, GONG Sheng-sheng2, ZHOU Jun2   

  1. 1. School of History and Sociology, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000, China;
    2. Academy of Urban and Environment Science, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2010-04-27 Revised:2010-07-29 Online:2011-03-20 Published:2011-03-20

摘要: 以《三才图会·地理》与《名山胜记》所载旅游景点为数据来源,统计获得晚明景点旅游资源总数。结合明代与现代旅游资源分类法对晚明旅游资源进行分类,并用图表法对晚明旅游资源类型结构与地域分布进行统计分析。结论认为:晚明旅游资源类型以山岳与古迹景观为主,南直隶与湖广旅游资源类型最为丰富;旅游资源集中分布在"北京-西安-成都"、"南京、杭州-桂林"两大地带,"应天府-杭州府"、"桂林府-永州府"、成都府三大地区,旅游资源的集中分布与地区自然条件的优越以及经济、文化的发达相一致。

关键词: 旅游资源, 类型结构, 地域分布, 晚明

Abstract: Using records in Assembled Figures of Earth and Man: Geography and Notes of Landscapes and Historic Sites as source data, this thesis obtained the total number of scenic spots in the late Ming Dynasty. On this basis, it also classified the tourism resources by using synthetic methods of classification in the Ming Dynasty and modern times, and analyzed statistically the composition of types and geographical distribution of tourism resources by diagram method. The conclusions can be drawn as follows. (1) The tourism resources in the late Ming Dynasty were dominated by landscapes of mountains and ancient relics. (2) The types of tourism resources were different by region, and more various in Nanzhili and Huguang provinces than in the others. (3) The tourism resources were densely distributed in belts of Beijing-Xi'an-Chengdu and Nanjing-Hangzhou-Guilin, and in regions of Yingtian prefecture-Hangzhou prefecture, Guilin prefecture-Yongzhou prefecture and Chengdu prefecture. (4) The aggregation of tourism resources was not only in accordance with the local superior natural conditions, but also with the developed economy and advanced culture.

Key words: tourism resources, composition of types, geographical distribution, the late Ming Dynasty