Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
 
最新录用  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行
地理研究  2011, Vol. 30 Issue (3): 531-539    DOI: 10.11821/yj2011030014
  地表过程研究 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
长白山北坡林线岳桦种群与土壤关系
王晓东, 刘惠清
东北师范大学城市与环境学院,长春 130024
Population dynamics of Betula ermanii associated with soil change on treeline of northern slope of Changbai Mountains
WANG Xiao-dong, LIU Hui-qing
College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
全文: PDF(891 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 以长白山北坡林线为研究区,选择4块样地(83个样方)进行岳桦种群径级结构与土壤理化性质关系的研究。采用单因子方差等方法分析土壤理化性质(有机质、全氮、全磷、砾石含量)和岳桦种群(灌丛和乔木)径级结构的关系,采用相关分析法做岳桦种群与土壤性质的动态变化分析。结果表明土壤因子对岳桦种群的扩张有一定的制约作用,但不足以决定林线的进退, 岳桦通过不断调整生活型克服土壤约束以应对气候变化。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
关键词 长白山北坡林线变动岳桦种群种群扩张土壤性质    
Abstract:This paper, taking the treeline of northern slope of Changbai Mountains as the research object, selected 4 plots (83 quadrats) to study diameter-class structure of Betula ermanii population and soil physical and chemical properties. Four indices of soil properties (SOM, TN, AN and gravel contents) and diameter-class structure of two life forms (shrub and single-trunk) were analyzed by ANOVA, correlation analysis and other statistical analysis. The relationships between population dynamics and soil change were investigated by correlation analyses. The results showed soil physical and chemical properties on different quadrats had obvious difference with different expansion of Betula ermanii population. Soil factor had a certain restrictive effect on population dynamics. However, soil factor did not play a crucial role in treeline shifts and population expansion. The gradual weakening of soil properties has an effect on treeline shifts with the passage of time. The Betula ermanii population tended to continuously adjust its life forms to adapt air temperature change in order to overcome soil restrictions.
Key wordsnorthern slope of Changbai Mountains    treeline change    Betula ermanii    population expansion    soil properties
收稿日期: 2010-04-04      出版日期: 2011-03-20
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金资助项目(40871005)

通讯作者: 刘惠清(1949-),女,吉林长春人,教授,博士生导师。主要从事综合自然地理,景观生态学研究。 Email:liuhq595@nenu.edu.cn     E-mail: liuhq595@nenu.edu.cn
作者简介: 王晓东(1971-)男,辽宁盘锦人,博士生,专业方向为自然地理学。 E-mail: wangxd219@nenu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
王晓东, 刘惠清. 长白山北坡林线岳桦种群与土壤关系[J]. 地理研究, 2011, 30(3): 531-539.
WANG Xiao-dong, LIU Hui-qing. Population dynamics of Betula ermanii associated with soil change on treeline of northern slope of Changbai Mountains. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2011, 30(3): 531-539.
链接本文:  
http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/10.11821/yj2011030014      或      http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/Y2011/V30/I3/531
[1] Korner C h. Alpine Plant Life:Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems. Ggemang: Springer- Verlag,2003, 9~18.

[2] Korner C Jans P A.A World-wide study of high altitude treeline temperatures. Journal of Biogeography,2004,31(5):713~732.

[3] Noble I R. A model of the responses of ecotones to climate change. Ecological Applications, 1993,3(3):396~403.

[4] Tripathi S K,Sumida A,Shibata H. Growth and substrate quality of fine root and soil nitrogen availability in a young Betula ermanii forest of northern Japan:Effects of the removal of understory dwarf bamboo (Sasa kurilensis).Forest Ecology and Management, 2005,212(1~3):278~290.

[5] Withington C L,Sanford R L. Decomposition rates of buried substrates increase with altitude in the forest-alpine tundra ecotone. Soil Biology & Biochemistry,2007,39(1):68~75.

[6] Holtmeier F K. Sensitivity and response of northern hemisphere altitudinal and polar treelines to environmental change at landscape and local scales.Global Ecology and Biogeography,2005,14(5):395~410.

[7] 石培礼, 李文华.长白山林线交错带形状与木本植物向苔原侵展和林线动态的关系. 生态学报,2000,20(4):227~231.

[8] 邓坤枚,石培礼,杨振林.长白山树线交错带的生物量分配和净生产力.自然资源学报, 2006, 21(6):942~948.

[9] 周晓峰,王晓春,韩士杰,等.长白山岳桦苔原过渡带动态与气候变化.地学前缘,2002,9(1):227~231.

[10] Yu D P,Wang G G,Dai L M,et al. Dendroclimatic analysis of Betula ermanii forests at their upper limit of distribution in Changbai Mountain,Northeast China.Forest Ecology and Management,2007,240:105~113.

[11] Wang M, Li Q R, Xiao D M,et al. Effects of soil temperature and soil water content on soil respiration in three forest types in Changbai Mountain.Journal of Forestry Research, 2004,15(2):113~118.

[12] 齐泽民,王开运.川西亚高山林线过渡带土壤特性研究.水土保持学报,2009,23(3):158~162.

[13] 王培娟,谢东辉,张佳华,等.长白山森林植被NPP主要影响因子的敏感性分析.地理研究,2008,27(2): 323~331.

[14] 王晓春,韩士杰,邹春静,等.长白山岳桦种群格局的地统计学分析.应用生态学报,2002,13(7):781~784.

[15] 石培礼,李文华.长白山林线交错带形状与木本植物向苔原侵展和林线动态的关系.生态学报,2000,20(4):573~580.

[16] Bai J H,Cui B S,Deng W,et al. Plant Pb contents in elevation zones of the Changbai Mountain National Nature Reserve,China. Pedosphere,2007,17(2):229~234.

[17] 张时煌,彭公炳,黄玫. 基于地理信息系统技术的土壤质地分类特征提取与数据融合. 气候与环境研究,2004,9(1):65~79

[18] 中国科学院南京土壤研究所编.土壤理化分析.北京:科学技术出版社,1977.123~156.

[19] 温达志.酸与酸肥混合处理对瑞典中部里兹堡松林地上部分的影响.生态科学,1999,18(1):12~18.

[20] Yu D P,Guu H Y,Wang J D. Relationships of climate change and tree ring of Betula ermanii tree line forest in Changbai Mountain. Journal of Forestry Research, 2005, 16(3):187~192.

[21] 褚胜利,李登武,李景侠.陕西府谷自然保护区杜松种群的空间分布格局及其动态植物.资源与环境学报,2007,16(4):34~37.

[22] 宋萍,洪伟,吴承祯,等.珍稀濒危植物桫椤种群结构与动态研究应用.生态学报,2005,16(3)∶413~418.

[23] 徐学红,于明坚,胡正华,等.浙江古田山自然保护区甜槠种群结构与动态.生态学报,2005,25(3): 645~653.

[24] 陈辉,刘玉宝,吴承祯,等.闽北次生常绿阔叶林主要树种空间分布格局及其应用研究.应用与环境生物学报,1999,5(6):561~565.

[25] 韩路,王海珍,彭杰,等.塔里木河上游天然胡杨林种群空间分布格局与动态研究.西北植物学报,2007,27(8):1668~1673.

[26] 张秀梅,刘小京.绿盲蝽越冬卵在枣树上的空间分布型研究.中国生态农业学报,2006,14(3): 157~159.

[27] Ren Q S,Yang X L,Cui G F. Fir population structure and dynamics in the timberline ecotone of the Sejila Mountain,Tibet,China.Acta Ecologica Sinica,2007,27(7): 2669~2677.

[28] 缪启龙,丁园圆,王勇.气候变暖对中国亚热带北界位置的影响.地理研究,2009,28(3):634~642.

[29] Cairns D M. Simulating carbon balance at treeline for krummholz and dwarf tree growth forms.Ecological Modelling,2005, 187(2~3):314~328.

[30] 黄中艳.云南干季月蒸发量与常规气象要素的关系.地理科学进展,2010,29(2):138~144.

[31] Wilmking M,Juday G P. Longitudinal variation of radial growth at Alaska's northern treeline—recent changes and possible scenarios for the 21st century. Global and Planetary Change,2005,47(2~4):282~300.

[32] Zhang Y J,Dai L M. The trend of tree line on the northern slope of Changbai Mountain. Journal of Forestry Research,2001,12(2):97~100.

[33] 常禹,布仁仓,胡远满,等.长白山北坡苔原/岳桦景观边界的定量检测.地理科学,2003,23(4):478~483.

[34] 邹春静,王晓春,韩士杰.长白山岳桦种群过渡带位置的研究应用.生态学报,2004,15(12):2217~2220.

[35] 于大炮,周莉,董百丽,等.长白山北坡岳桦种群结构及动态分析.生态学杂志,2004,23(5):30~34.

[36] Zeng Y,Malanson J. Endogenous fractal dynamics at alpine treeline ecotones. Georaphical Analysis,2006,38(3):271~287.

[37] Butler D R,Malanson G P,Resler L M. Turf-banked terrace treads and risers,turf exfoliation and possible relationships with advancing treeline.Catena,2004,58(3):259~274.

[38] Camarero J J, Gutiérrez E,Fortin M J. Spatial pattern of subalpine forest-alpine grassland ecotones in the Spanish Central Pyrenees.Forest Ecology and Management,2000,134(1-3):1~16.

[39] Herder M D,Virtanen R,Roininen H. Reindeer herbivory reduces willow growth and grouse forage in a forest-tundra ecotone. Basic and Applied Ecology,2008,9(3):324~331.
[1] 万红友, 周生路, 赵其国. 苏南典型区土壤基本性质的时空变化——以昆山市为例[J]. 地理研究, 2006, 25(2): 303-310.
[2] 梁福源, 宋林华, 唐涛. 石林地区土壤性质与喀斯特洼地发育[J]. 地理研究, 2004, 23(3): 321-328.
[3] 马建华. 暴雨对土壤组成和性质的影响——以河南省泌阳暴雨中心区为例[J]. 地理研究, 2004, 23(1): 55-62.
[4] 刘世梁, 傅伯杰, 陈利顶, 吕一河, 马克明. 卧龙自然保护区土地利用变化对土壤性质的影响[J]. 地理研究, 2002, 21(6): 682-688.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《地理研究》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn