Development and spatial effect of resource-based industries in Urumqi
DONG Wen1, DENG Feng2, YANG Yu3,4,5
1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China;
2. Chinese Academy of Land and Resource Economics, Beijing 101149, China;
3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
4. Key Laboratory of Regional and Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
5. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract：Industries that consume fossil fuels tend to drive industrial development and have a significant impact on the spatial characteristics of the cities. Especially, industries that consume fossil fuels have obvious impetus of the development of the city which is at its peak period. So a study of relationships between industries that consume fossil fuels and urban development is conducted in this paper. Urumqi's productivity growth in the secondary sector and its high GDP per capita reflects the predominance of the energy sector as a key driver of the industrial output in Xinjiang. Different mathematic methods were applied for data analyses, namely method of industrial structure evolution, shift-share method and location entropy. This paper investigates the spatial effects of industrial development, using fossil fuel consumptive industries as a single factor, and used a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods to conduct in-depth analysis of industrial development of its resource-based characteristics. The results showed that: resource-based industrial development in Urumqi contributed to the expansion and spatial evolution of the city. The scale, speed, and spatial layout of industrial development coincided with the general urban expansion of Urumqi. Resource-based industrial development emerged in patch throughout the city while general urban expansion did axially, along major roads, and concentrically in the city center. The resource-based industrial patches grew outward from the city center and formed both finger and jagged shaped areas. While resource-based industrial development in Urumqi became more diffuse, similar development in neighboring cities remained concentrated. Resource-based industrial development in Urumqi has resulted in both the spatial evolution and expansion of the urbanized area. For the cities and counties faraway, the agglomeration function was more effective, thus cities and towns had a weak radiation.
董雯, 邓锋, 杨宇. 乌鲁木齐资源型产业的演变特征及其空间效应[J]. 地理研究, 2011, 30(4): 723-734.
DONG Wen, DENG Feng, YANG Yu. Development and spatial effect of resource-based industries in Urumqi. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2011, 30(4): 723-734.