地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (11): 2067-2075.doi: 10.11821/yj2011110013

• 环境与生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

三江源区MODIS植被指数时空分布特征

宋冬梅1, 张茜1,2, 杨秀春3, 郭鹏4, 温少妍1   

  1. 1. 中国石油大学(华东)地球科学与技术学院,青岛 266555;
    2. 中国石油大学(华东) 研究生院,青岛 266555;
    3. 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京 100081;
    4. 遥感科学国家重点实验室,中国科学院遥感应用研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2011-03-24 修回日期:2011-07-25 出版日期:2011-11-20 发布日期:2011-11-20
  • 作者简介:宋冬梅(1973-),女,吉林长春人,博士,副教授,主要从事遥感图像处理与应用研究。 E-mail:songdongmei1973@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40501073,40701055);中国石油大学(华东)自主创新项目(10CX03006A;27R1001055A;27R1101048A)

Spatial and temporal characteristics of MODIS vegetation index in the source region of three rivers on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in China

SONG Dong-mei1, ZHANG Qian1,2, YANG Xiu-chun3, GUO Peng4, WEN Shao-yan1   

  1. 1. School of Geosciences, China University of Petroleum, Qingdao 266555, Shandong, China;
    2. Graduate School, China University of Petroleum, Qingdao 266555, Shandong, China;
    3. Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, CAAS, Beijing 100081, China;
    4. State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing Applications of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-03-24 Revised:2011-07-25 Online:2011-11-20 Published:2011-11-20

摘要: 利用16天合成的250m分辨率的MODIS数据,对三江源区NDVI和EVI植被指数时空分布特征进行了系统性的研究。结果表明:NDVI和EVI空间分布呈现出由东南向西北逐步下降的趋势。植被指数随季节呈现出规律变化,最高值出现在8月。不同海拔高度两种植被指数对植被覆盖情况的指示作用比较一致。植被类型的NDVI与EVI的差异随植被指数值的增大而增大,而EVI比NDVI对植被变化的表征更为稳定。对植被指数与气象要素的关系研究表明,月平均气温和月平均降水量与植被指数呈现明显的相关关系,植被指数对降水量存在滞后性而对月平均气温不存在滞后现象。降水量在植被生长中的作用要大于气温。

关键词: MODIS植被指数, 植被覆盖类型, 气温和降水量, 数字高程模型, 三江源地区

Abstract: This article conducts a systematic research on the spatial and temporal characteristics in the source region of three rivers on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, using 16-day 250 m NDVI and EVI of MODIS data in 2007. The results indicated that the spatial distribution of the NDVI and the EVI had very obvious regional characteristics, which presented a gradual reducing tendency of the NDVI and EVI values from southeast to northwest in the study area. The regular seasonal variations of vegetation index were very distinct, with the maximum value in August. The variation trends of two kinds of vegetation indices were consistent at different altitudes, which showed that the functions of NDVI and EVI were quite consistent. The difference value between NDVI and EVI gradually increased with the increase of vegetation index value, while EVI was more stable than NDVI as an indicator for vegetation variation. The research on the relationship between vegetation index and meteorological elements showed that the monthly mean temperature, precipitation and the vegetation index presented significant correlation dependence. In the study area, the correlation coefficient value between the current month precipitation and the next month vegetation index was much greater than that between the current month precipitation and the current month vegetation index, indicating that there was a time lag relation between the vegetation index and the precipitation. However, there was no relation between the vegetation index and the monthly average temperature. The effect of the precipitation on the vegetation growth was greater than that of the temperature.

Key words: MODIS vegetation index, vegetation types, temperature and precipitation, DEM, source region of three rivers