地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (12): 2150-2162.doi: 10.11821/yj2011120003

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

港口后勤区域形成演化机理——以上海港为例

梁双波, 曹有挥, 吴威   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2011-04-21 修回日期:2011-08-12 出版日期:2011-12-20 发布日期:2011-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 曹有挥(1959-),男,江苏扬州人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事运输地理与区域发展研究。 E-mail:yhcao@niglas.ac.cn E-mail:yhcao@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:梁双波(1979-),男,山东海阳人,博士,主要研究方向为区域经济与运输地理。 E-mail:shbliang@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中科院知识创新工程重要方向项目(kzcx2-yw-339),中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所青年人才启动项目(NIGLAS2010QD15);国家自然科学基金项目(40871070)

Evolutionary mechanism of port backup area:A case study of Shanghai

LIANG Shuang-bo, CAO You-hui, WU Wei   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology,CAS,Nanjing 210008,China
  • Received:2011-04-21 Revised:2011-08-12 Online:2011-12-20 Published:2011-12-20

摘要: 立足当前国内港口后勤区域的发展现实,着重从格局与过程耦合的角度,把各种类港口后勤区域作为一个整体,对其形成演化机理进行理论探讨,揭示出全球供应链发展与港口功能演化、外部规模经济与企业合作推动、港口自身规模经济与边缘挑战、区域交通网络布局与资源禀赋以及城市发展需求与发展政策导向是推动港口后勤区域演化的重要驱动力,并归纳演绎了初步发育、非均衡拓展、非均衡快速扩张和高度分化四个阶段港口后勤区域演化模式。实证分析表明,上海港港口后勤区域正处于由非均衡快速扩张向高度分化阶段演化的过渡期,未来一段时间内,其演化将将进入高度分化阶段。

关键词: 港口后勤区域, 演化模式, 港口功能, 上海

Abstract: With the process of globalization,the competition among the ports,shipping lines and terminal operators to attain more container traffic has been intense.To obtain more container traffic,some ports have been making a great effort to be a logistic hub to increase their competitive advantage.Under the circumstances,port backup area has attracted much attention in recent years as an important function area.Based on the current development of various types of port backup function area,this paper puts emphasis on the perspective of coupled pattern and process,viewing various types of port backup area as a whole,and discusses the theory of formation and evolution mechanism.The authors hold that global supply chain and evolution of port function,external scale economy and enterprise cooperation promotion,port economy of scale and periphery challenge,regional transportation network layout,resource endowment and needs and policy guidance of urban development are the important driving forces to promote the evolution of port backup area.Meanwhile,the authors believe that evolution of port backup area can be classified into four stages,namely,the period of initial development,the period of unbalanced development,the period of rapid unbalanced expansion and the period of highly differentiated development.According to this model,there are different features in each stage.The empirical analysis shows that,Shanghai port backup area is in the evolution transition period from rapid unbalanced expansion to highly differentiated development.In the next period of time,the evolution will enter the stage of highly differentiated development.

Key words: port backup area, evolution mode, port function, Shanghai