地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (12): 2239-2246.doi: 10.11821/yj2011120011

• 地表过程研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于干燥度指数的辽西北土地风蚀荒漠化判别

张济1,2, 杨秀春3,4, 李亚云2, 李金亚3   

  1. 1. 国家林业局林产工业规划设计院,北京 100714;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    3. 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京 100081;
    4. 新疆农垦科学院农田水利与土壤肥料研究所,石河子 832000
  • 收稿日期:2011-02-24 修回日期:2011-06-12 出版日期:2011-12-20 发布日期:2011-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 杨秀春(1975-),女,河北迁安人,博士、副研究员,主要从事土地荒漠化与草原遥感监测研究。 E-mail:yxc0922@126.com E-mail:yxc0922@126.com
  • 作者简介:张济(1985-),男,安徽宣城人,研究生,主要从事荒漠化、干旱区研究。 E-mail:zhangj.08s@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(40701055);中央级公益性科研院所专项资金项目(2010IARRP33)

Discrimination index of wind erosion desertification based on aridity index in northwestern Liaoning Province

ZHANG Ji1,2, YANG Xiu-chun3,4, LI Ya-yun2, LI Jin-ya3   

  1. 1. Planning and Design Academy of Forest Products Industry,State Forestry Administration,Beijing 100714,China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Institute of Agriculture Resources and Regional Planning,Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences,Beijing 100081,China;
    4. Institute of Farmland Water Conservancy and Soil-fertilizer,Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Science,Shihezi 832000,Xinjiang,China
  • Received:2011-02-24 Revised:2011-06-12 Online:2011-12-20 Published:2011-12-20

摘要: 在土地利用分类的基础上,剔除山地、丘陵、岗地、水域及建筑用地等类型,研究辽西北地区风蚀荒漠化问题,试图找到一条半湿润易旱的界线。研究以TM、MODIS影像为数据源,以多种植被指数为参考指标,运用决策树方法对研究区进行分类,结果显示:非荒漠化、轻度、中度、重度与极重度风蚀荒漠化面积分别占辽西北总面积的44.38%、25.15%、18.97%、9.34%和2.16%。同时,采用经验式k=0.16∑≥10℃/r计算干燥度,对计算结果进行Kriging插值,对比1.1、1.15、1.2、1.25和1.3五条干燥度等值线,发现:(1)选择干燥度1.2线为分界线能满足半湿润易旱区荒漠化易发生程度判别的要求,该线的北部属半湿润易旱区;(2)1.2线作为南北两部分非荒漠化、重度极重度荒漠化和耕地的分界线,效果较其他四线显著;(3)实地调查工作表明1.2线可作为辽西北地区壤土与砂土的界线,具重要的实践意义。由此可见,基于荒漠化分级结果选择干燥度1.2线科学上较为合理,实践上有利用价值。

关键词: 土地利用分类, 风蚀荒漠化, 决策树, 干燥度指数, 辽西北

Abstract: Based on land use map,this paper excluded mountains,hills,water,and constructions,and studied wind erosion desertification in the northwestern part of Liaoning Province,with the purpose of finding a semi-humid drought-prone line.This paper took TM and MODIS images as data source and some vegetation indexes as index by using decision tree to classify the study area.The results showed that non-desertification,light,moderate,severe and extremely severe wind erosion desertification area accounted for 44.38%,25.15%,18.97%,9.34% and 2.16%,respectively.Meanwhile,this study used empirical formula k=0.16∑≥10℃/ r to calculate aridity,and then interpolated aridity values by using Kriging method.Comparing aridity line 1.1,1.15,1.2,1.25 and 1.3,we found:(1) Selecting line 1.2 meets the requirement of judging the extent of desertification in semi-humid areas.(2) Line 1.2 is better than other lines on distinguishing non-desertification,severe and extremely severe desertification,and arable land.(3) Field investigations showed that line 1.2 could be the boundary of loam and sand in the northwestern part of Liaoning Province,and have important practical significance.Thus,on the basis of classification results,selecting line 1.2 is reasonable in science and valuable in practice.

Key words: land use, wind erosion desertification, decision tree, aridity index, northwestern Liaoning Province