地理研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (12): 2259-2271.doi: 10.11821/yj2011120013

• 土地资源与利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

珠江三角洲建设用地扩展与经济增长模式的关系

叶玉瑶1, 张虹鸥1, 许学强2, 周春山2   

  1. 1. 广州地理研究所,广州 510070;
    2. 中山大学地理与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2011-04-21 修回日期:2011-08-23 出版日期:2011-12-20 发布日期:2011-12-20
  • 作者简介:叶玉瑶(1980-),女,四川乐山人,助理研究员,博士。主要从事区域发展与城市规划研究。 E-mail:yeyuyao@gdas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAJ05A10);国家自然科学基金(41001385);广东省自然科学基金(10451007003005043);广东省科学院院长基金

Study on the relationship between construction land expansion and economic growth pattern in the Pearl River Delta

YE Yu-yao1, ZHANG Hong-ou1, XU Xue-qiang2, ZHOU Chun-shan2   

  1. 1. Guangzhou Institute of Geography,Guangzhou 510070,China;
    2. School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China
  • Received:2011-04-21 Revised:2011-08-23 Online:2011-12-20 Published:2011-12-20

摘要: 本研究采用珠江三角洲1988年、1998年、2006年的建设用地遥感解译数据,结合对经济增长模式的辨析,定量分析了建设用地扩展与经济增长模式之间的耦合与互动关系。分析结果表明:珠三角建设用地扩展所表现出的阶段特征以及"空间指向性"、"小城镇倾向"、"分散化与低效性"等空间特征都与其粗放型、外向型的经济增长模式紧密相关。两者互为因果,相互推动,共同构成"土地—经济"互动系统;只有通过转变经济增长方式,优化土地资源配置,才能建立土地与经济之间的良性互动关系,从而实现经济的可持续增长与土地资源的永续利用。

关键词: 建设用地, 经济增长模式, 关系, 珠江三角洲

Abstract: In this study,we use three scenes of Landsat Thematic Mapper(TM) images,including those of 1988,1998 and 2006,to detect the expansion of construction land in the Pearl River Delta.Meanwhile,we analyze the economic growth pattern of the region by the input-output analysis of the primary factors and the production organization analysis.Based on it,we conduct research on the interaction between the construction land expansion and the economic growth pattern in the Pearl River Delta,using the quantitative analysis. The result shows that the Pearl River Delta's economic growth presents a typical extensive and export-oriented growth pattern,which relies on a large number of primary factors affecting production inputs and the promotion of foreign investment to achieve rapid economic growth.This pattern reflects the characteristics which is called "high input,high consumption,high output and export-orientation". For the relationship between the extensive growth pattern and the construction land expansion,there is exponential correlation between the input-output coefficients and the land use efficiency.With the rise in input-output coefficients,the efficiency of construction land drops down exponentially.For the relationship between the export-oriented growth pattern and the construction land expansion,although the extent of the export-oriented economic growth will not affect construction land expansion,the foreign capital flows play an important role in guiding the expansion of construction land while production organization mode of export-oriented will also reflect the distribution and morphology of construction land directly. In fact,both the phase change and the spatial feature of the construction land of the region such as "site factor pointer","small towns pointer" and "decentralization and inefficiency" are closely related to the economic growth pattern.Thus,there is a causal link between construction land expansion and economic growth pattern.They promote each other and constitute the "land-economy" interactive system.Only when we change the economic growth pattern while optimizing the allocation of land resources,could we establish the positive interactive relationship between land and economy,and achieve sustainable economic growth and utilization of land resources.

Key words: construction land, economic growth pattern, relationship, the Pearl River Delta