地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (1): 45-52.doi: 10.11821/yj2012010005

• 气候与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于SSM/I数据的淮河流域洪涝监测分析

郑伟1, 韩秀珍1, 王新1, 黄大鹏2, 李加林3   

  1. 1. 国家卫星气象中心, 北京 100081;
    2. 中国气象科学研究院, 北京 100081;
    3. 宁波大学海岸带资源与环境研究中心, 宁波 315211
  • 收稿日期:2011-06-23 修回日期:2011-10-24 出版日期:2012-01-20 发布日期:2012-01-20
  • 作者简介:郑伟(1981-),男,博士,高级工程师,主要从事遥感与GIS技术及其在自然灾害、生态环境和气候 变化等领域的应用研究。E-mail:azheng1125@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40901231);浙江省科技厅公益项目(2010C33155)

Flood and waterlogging monitoring and analyses based on SSM/I data in Huaihe River Basin

ZHENG Wei1, HAN Xiu-zhen1, WANG Xin1, HUANG Da-peng2, LI Jia-lin3   

  1. 1. National Satellite Meteorological Center, Beijing 100081, China;
    2. Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;
    3. Coastal Resources and Environment Research Center, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2011-06-23 Revised:2011-10-24 Online:2012-01-20 Published:2012-01-20

摘要: 以淮河流域为研究区域,基于被动微波遥感SSM/I数据计算的极化比值指数PRI和RAT技术,提出极化比值变化指数PRVI。利用淮河流域1988~2005年6月下旬到7月期间的PRVI数据研究了淮河流域的洪涝时空特征,重点分析了发生流域性大洪水的1991年和2003年的洪涝特征,研究发现:淮河流域发生严重洪涝灾害的主要表现特征之一是淮河干流中游及其向北岸、上游和下游方向延伸约100km,向南岸延伸到流域南界的区域出现PRVI高值带,并结合淮河流域的自然环境分析了PRVI高值带出现的原因,指出PRVI高值带包括了大部分沿淮河干流的湖泊、洼地、行蓄洪区,支流河口、下游洼地等。进一步认为高值带内的PRVI值越大,高值带的面积越大,洪涝灾害越严重,防汛形势越严峻。这一结论对淮河流域洪涝灾害的监测和预警具有重要的应用价值。

关键词: SSM/I, PRVI, 淮河流域, 洪涝

Abstract: The estimation of soil wetness variations is of importance to improve the reliability of flood warning.In this paper,the coarse spatial passive microwave data was used to monitor large area flooding and soil moisture because of the ability of the microwave signal to penetrate through cloud and provide all-day data and because of its sensitivity to surface moisture and wate.It can effetively reveal large-scale soil wetness and flood patterns under cloudy and rainy conditions.Polarization Ratio Variation Index(PRVI) was presented on the basis of polarization ratio index(PRI) calculated by the horizontal and vertical polarization brightness temperature data and Robust AVHRR Techniques(RAT).Nearly 18-year(1988-2005) PRVI serials were calculated from Special Sensor Microwave/Image(SSM / I) data in the Huaihe River Basin.PRVI datasets were obtained in the ten-day periods from June 21 to July 31 in the flood season.Several important flooding events in the Huaihe River Basin from 1988 to 2005 were described,and the flooding events of 1991 and 2003 were especially analyzed.We found that the serious flood and waterlogging disasters could be reflected by the formation of a higher PRVI value zone in the buffer along the Huaihe River mainstream extending 100 km north and basin boundary south.The higher PRVI value zone was consistent with the historical records.Furthermore,the reason for the formation of higher PRVI value zones was analyzed.The zone included many flood detention areas,lakes and bayous and low-lying lands.The higher PRVI value zone may be used as an indicator for flood forecast.Preliminary results confirmed the reliability of the proposed method.It is of great significance to the prevention and mitigation of flood and waterlogging disasters.

Key words: SSM/I, PRVI, Huaihe River Basin, flood and waterlogging