地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 197-206.doi: 10.11821/yj2012020001

• 城市与乡村 •    下一篇

信息时代移动社会理论构建与城市地理研究

甄峰1,2, 翟青3, 陈刚3, 沈丽珍1   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市规划与设计系, 南京 210093;
    2. 南京大学人文地理研究中心, 南京 210093;
    3. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2011-10-27 修回日期:2011-12-29 出版日期:2012-02-20 发布日期:2012-02-20
  • 作者简介:甄峰(1973- ),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向城市地理与区域规划。E-mail:zhenfeng @nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40971094);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(1115090201);教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NECT-09-0470)

Mobile social theory construction and urban geographic research in the information era

ZHEN Feng1,2, ZHAI Qing3, CHEN Gang3, SHEN Li-zhen1   

  1. 1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Human Geographic Research Center of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    3. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2011-10-27 Revised:2011-12-29 Online:2012-02-20 Published:2012-02-20

摘要: 以信息技术进步为核心的信息革命已经成为推动国家、区域与城市社会经济发展及其快速转型的重要动力,并持久、深刻地冲击和改变着工业革命以来人类对社会经济及其空间结构形成的固有认识。当前,移动通信技术的进步及其应用,与高速铁路的加快建设、城市区域化的加速和智慧城市的建设一起,正将世界带入一个全新的移动信息时代。由于时间和空间概念的重新定义,全新时空观的出现,使得以空间问题为核心内容的城市地理学面临着根本性的变革。在移动信息技术的支撑下,城市地理学的研究范式、方法和内容都开始发生巨大的变化,传统的理论框架已逐渐不能满足当前研究的需要。本文重点分析了移动信息技术影响下的地理空间与网络信息空间的变化,提出了基于移动信息技术的移动社会理论框架。进而对移动信息时代城市地理学的研究方法、研究重点进行了探讨,希望运用城市地理学的研究更好地服务于移动信息时代的城市与区域的发展、规划与管治。

关键词: 移动信息技术, 城市地理学, 流空间, 智慧城市

Abstract: Advances in information technology are the core of the information revolution.The information revolution has been the important driving force to promote the current national,regional and urban socio-economic development and rapid transformation.And it lasting and profoundly impacts and changes inherent understanding,which has formed socio-economic and spatial structure since the Industrial Revolution.Along with the acceleration of the construction of high-speed railways,rapid development of regional cities and wisdom of city's construction,mobile communication technology is moving us into a new mobile information age.Due to time and space concept is redefined,a new space-time emerges,which makes urban geography a fundamental change.Research paradigm,methods and content of urban geography have begun to change dramatically,so traditional theoretical framework cannot meet the needs for the current research any longer.This paper analyzes the influence of mobile communications technology on the change of network and geospatial information space,and proposes mobile social theory framework based on mobile information technology,that is to say,intelligent cities melt technics,economy,society,and space.The construction of intelligent cities contains four levels: system level,technical level,economic level and social level.At the system level,it is important to improve positive interaction of the governments,enterprises,scientific institutions,private institutions,and make institutional arrangement.We should build a mobile community technology platform based on the wireless network,IOT,mobile devices at the technical level.Based on the development of mobile information,services become the focus of other industries at the economic level.Mobile social networks can actively promote communication between people at the social level.Then paper explores the research methods of urban geography of the mobile information age,and research priorities from urban space and form transformation,travel behavior,urban and regional spatial effect to urban and regional governance,and so on.We wish that urban geography research would better serve urban and regional development,planning and governance in mobile information era.

Key words: mobile information technology, urban geography, space of flow, smart city