地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 245-256.doi: 10.11821/yj2012020005

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游地成长与产业结构演变关系——以张家界为例

麻学锋1,2, 孙根年2, 马丽君2   

  1. 1. 吉首大学商学院, 吉首 416000;
    2. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院, 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2011-10-15 修回日期:2011-12-30 出版日期:2012-02-20 发布日期:2012-02-20
  • 作者简介:麻学锋(1970- ),男,苗族,湖南凤凰人,副教授,博士研究生,主要从事旅游产业经济学研究。E- mail:maxuefeng90@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金(07BJY138);陕西省软科学研究计划项目(2011KRM17)

Evolution of the relationship between tourist destination and industrial structure Taking Zhangjiajie as an example

MA Xue-feng1,2, SUN Gen-nian2, MA Li-jun2   

  1. 1. School of Business and Administration, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, Hunan, China;
    2. School of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
  • Received:2011-10-15 Revised:2011-12-30 Online:2012-02-20 Published:2012-02-20

摘要: 在探讨旅游地与旅游地产业结构成长动力因子的基础上,分析旅游地产业演进机制,建构产业结构成长及其成长态模型,将旅游地产业划分为发展产业、成长产业、成熟产业和衰退产业四种类型。根据本底趋势线理论分析张家界成长周期,以产业增长率和产业地位指数为测度旅游地成长与旅游地产业结构成长演变关系的度量指标,利用张家界市1990~2010年相关统计数据,结合所建构模型,分析了成长周期与张家界及其产业结构成长的演变过程。结果发现:(1)张家界旅游成长近二十年来呈现的是单周期波动;(2)随着张家界旅游成长,其三次产业成长虽遵循产业结构的一般演化规律,但具体到国民经济各产业部门却有较大差别;(3)在成长周期内,各产业结构成长情况有差异,批发零售贸易餐饮业、工业、金融保险业和其它产业是成长产业,第一产业、交通运输仓储邮电业、建筑业和房地产业是衰退产业;(4)在成长周期内,各产业结构成长态情况亦有差异,房地产业和金融保险业是衰退产业,建筑业、批发零售餐饮业、交通运输仓储邮电业是发展产业,其它服务业和工业是成长产业,第一产业是成熟产业。

关键词: 旅游地, 产业结构, 成长, 张家界

Abstract: This paper analyzed the evolution mechanism of the industries in the tourism district,built the model of the industrial structure and its industrial structure-state model based on the research of tourism areas and the growth dynamic factors of the industrial structure in the tourism areas,in which the industries in the tourism areas were divided into developed industries,growth industries,mature industries and declining industries.The essay shows the growth cycle of Zhangjiajie in two aspects based on the statistical data of 1990-2010 and the theory of the Natural Trend Curve,and points out the developing process of the industrial structure on the basis of growth state model and the growth cycle of the tourism district.Some conclusions can be drawn as follows.(1) The 20 years of tourism growth of Zhangjiajie presents a single fluctuation.(2) There are great differences among the primary,secondary and tertiary industries in Zhangjiajie with the development of the tourism industry in this region.(3) The growth of the industrial structure is different in different sectors.Wholesale and retail trade,catering trade,industry,finance and insurance industry and other industries are growth industries,while primary industry,transportation,storage,post and telecommunications,construction and real estate are declining industries in the growth cycle.(4) As for the growth state of the industrial structure,there are differences in the growth cycle.Real estate,finance and insurance industry are declining industries;construction,wholesale and retail,restaurants,transportation,storage,post and telecommunications have witnessed the development of industry;other services and industries are growth industries,and the primary industry is a mature industry.

Key words: tourist destination, industrial structure, growth, Zhangjiajie