地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (3): 521-533.doi: 10.11821/yj2012030013

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

武陵山经济协作区空间协调发展程度评价

冷志明   

  1. 吉首大学商学院, 湖南吉首 416000
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-05 修回日期:2012-01-19 出版日期:2012-03-20 发布日期:2012-03-20
  • 作者简介:冷志明(1968- ),男,湖南益阳人,博士后,教授,研究领域为区域经济学。E-mail:lzm9306@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    教育部人文社科基金(11YJA790070);教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目;湖南省社科基金重点项目(11ZDB072)

Evaluation of the spatial coordinated development of Wulingshan Economic Cooperation Zone

Leng Zhi-ming   

  1. Business School of Jishou University, Jishou 416000, Hunan, China
  • Received:2011-11-05 Revised:2012-01-19 Online:2012-03-20 Published:2012-03-20

摘要: 与以往区域协调发展程度评价研究不同,本文基于协调发展概念强调经济联系、区域差异、动态收敛和可持续发展的本质特点,构建空间(区域)评价体系,分别从基本公共服务均等化程度、区际一体化程度、区际人均GDP均等化程度、城乡人均消费水平差异程度四个方面评价武陵山经济协作区空间协调发展程度。评价结果显示,2001~2009年间,武陵山经济协作区空间协调度基本上呈逐年上升的趋势,空间协调能力逐步增强,但协作区内各地(州)市内部协调发展程度并不一致,无论是基本公共服务均等化程度、区际一体化程度、区际人均GDP均等化程度还是城乡人均消费水平差异程度均存在明显的差异。本研究的意义在于通过对武陵山经济协作区空间协调发展程度进行评价,找出制约武陵山经济协作区经济协调发展的主要因素,从而为制定武陵山经济协作区经济发展战略提供理论依据和参考。

关键词: 空间, 协调发展, 经济协作, 武陵山

Abstract: The evaluation of the spatial coordinated development is one of the foci in research of regional economy,especially at the spatial coordinated development level.Different from viewpoints of previous studies,this paper believes that the essence of the spatial/regional coordinated development of regional economy is the economic links among countries/regions which have become ever stronger,regional gaps are gradually narrowing,and basic public services tend to convergent in the dynamic development process.According to the data related to 51 counties of six prefecture-level regions in Wulingshan Economic Cooperation Zone from the statistical yearbook during 2002-2010 and based on the concept of coordinated development to build spatial/regional evaluation system,this paper places emphasis on economic links,regional differences,dynamic convergence and sustainable development.In this paper,the four indexes which refer to comprehensive indexes are difficult to measure its relative importance directly,and the method which highlights the differences in the average local variance will result in unreasonable weight selection because the variance of each index of the four is unstable.Therefore,this paper takes the AHP judgment matrix as a subjective weighting method.Although this method,to some extent,is subjective,the weight based on rational thinking and analysis of experience can reflect the relationship between the intrinsic and relative importance.At the same time,to avoid the subjective factors,the author has consulted 20 experts from different fields and tests the consistency of each judgment matrix,and then builds a spatial/regional evaluation system from the equalization level of basic public services,the integration level of different regions,the equalization level of per capita GDP among different regions and the difference between consumption levels of urban and rural residents.The results show that from 2001 to 2009,the level of spatial coordination presents a rising trend and this can be explained by the enhancement of spatial coordination ability of Wulingshan Economic Cooperation Zone.But the spatial coordination level is not synchronous because there are huge differences in the equalization level of basic public services,the integration level of different regions,the equalization level of GDP among different regions and huge differences between urban and rural consumption levels in different parts of Wulingshan Economic Cooperation Zone.Based on this,the author tries to find the main restraining factors of economic development in Wulingshan Economic Cooperation Zone through the evaluation of the spatial coordination in the zone and provides a theoretical basis for implementing regional economic development strategy.

Key words: space, coordinated development, economic cooperation, Wulingshan