地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 687-700.doi: 10.11821/yj2012040011

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国蔬菜主产地形成的影响因素——以山东寿光为例

周应恒1, 吕超2, 周德3   

  1. 1. 南京农业大学经济管理学院, 南京 210095;
    2. 南京审计学院经济学院, 南京 211815;
    3. 乔治-奥古斯都-哥廷根大学农业经济和农村发展系, 德国哥廷根 37037
  • 收稿日期:2011-05-17 修回日期:2011-12-13 出版日期:2012-04-20 发布日期:2012-04-20
  • 作者简介:周应恒(1963- ),男,湖南长沙人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事农产品区域分工、农产品流通与政 策的研究。E-mail:zhouyh@njau.edu.cn; 吕超(1984- ),女,内蒙古包头人,博士研究生,主要从事农产品区域分工、农产品流通与政策的研究。E-mail:oyunorgil@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(70773056)

Analysis of the influencing factors of the formation of main vegetable production areas in China: A case study of Shouguang in Shandong Province

ZHOU Ying-heng1, LU Chao2, ZHOU De3   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;
    2. School of Economics, Nanjing Audit University, Nanjing 211815, China;
    3. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Georg-August-University of Goettingen, Goettingen 37073, Germany
  • Received:2011-05-17 Revised:2011-12-13 Online:2012-04-20 Published:2012-04-20

摘要: 通过对我国蔬菜主产区山东寿光4个乡镇的284位蔬菜种植户的调查,构建了蔬菜主产地形成的概念模型,并运用结构方程模型分析我国蔬菜主产地形成的影响因素。研究发现:技术进步、交通条件、市场需求和规模、知识溢出、政府政策对我国蔬菜主产地形成有显著的正向影响,要素禀赋因素影响较小。从影响效应看,政府政策的影响程度最大,之后依次为市场需求和规模、交通条件、技术、知识溢出和要素禀赋,同时政府政策对知识溢出也有显著正向影响。本研究为更加准确把握我国蔬菜主产地的形成机制,有效提供决策参考的理论支撑做出努力,并且有助于推进我国农业区域经济理论的深化发展。

关键词: 蔬菜, 主产地, 影响因素, 结构方程模型

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the influencing factors and the mechanism of formation of the main vegetable production areas in China.The vegetable sector has changed from the planned economy to market economy and the vegetable production areas have gone through scatter to concentration in China.Compared with the western countries,the initial study on the change and the concentration of agricultural production areas in China started late,and study methods and perspectives of existing literatures have mainly focused on economics theory at national and provincial levels.However the studies have paid little attention to using the theories of areas concentration and main production areas to study rural households.The paper is based on the data from a survey conducted in August 2009 on 284 vegetable growers from four towns of Shouguang,the main vegetable production areas in China,and employs the framework of the formation of vegetable main production areas and uses the structural equation model to study the influencing factors of the formation of main vegetable production areas. The results show that technology,transportation,market demand and scale,knowledge spillover and government policies have a significant positive effect on the formation of the main vegetable production areas.However,factor endowment has a weak positive effect on the formation.Furthermore,government policies have the greatest impact,followed by market demand,scale,traffic,technology,knowledge spillover and factor endowment.Government policies also have a positive effect on knowledge spillover. The study results can help to understand the formation mechanism of the main vegetable production areas,provide a theoretical basis for the implementation of policies,and promote the development of agricultural regional economic theory.

Key words: vegetable, main production area, influencing factor, structural equation model