地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 782-791.doi: 10.11821/yj2012050002

• 理论与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

路径依赖理论及其地方经济发展隐喻

尹贻梅1,2,3, 刘志高2,3, 刘卫东2,3   

  1. 1. 北京联合大学旅游学院 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室 北京 100101;
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-13 修回日期:2011-12-05 出版日期:2012-05-20 发布日期:2012-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 刘志高(1974- ),男,湖北省荆州人,博士,助理研究员。研究方向为工业经济地理学与区域发展。E-mail:liuzhigao@igsnrr.ac.Cn E-mail:liuzhigao@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:尹贻梅(1974- ),女,黑龙江宝泉岭人,博士后,讲师,研究方向为旅游地理、人文地理学与区域发展。E-mail:yinyimei@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国博士后科学基金面上资助项目(20100470536);国家自然基金项目(41071096);中科院知识创新工程(KZCX2-YW-345);科技基础性工作专项(2007FY140800-2)

Path-dependence and its implication for regional development

YIN Yi-mei1,2,3, LIU Zhi-gao2,3, LIU Wei-dong2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Tourism, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-07-13 Revised:2011-12-05 Online:2012-05-20 Published:2012-05-20

摘要: 路径依赖是理解经济社会系统演化的重要概念,同时也有着明显的地理学涵义。但相对于在经济管理等领域的研究,路径依赖理论在经济地理学和区域经济领域的研究还相对较少。本文系统梳理了路径依赖理论的起源及其在技术变迁、制度变化与社会政治文化等领域的扩展;回顾了该理论在经济地理学中的引入及其发展;并重点探讨了如何运用路径依赖理论分析区域经济演化的机理。本文认为地方经济发展过程中存在着两种路径依赖效应:一种是以企业衍生、聚集经济为驱动力的路径依赖;一种是由于过度专业化、忽略外部联系而导致的路径依赖,即锁定。最后文章还分析了现有经济地理里路径依赖研究的不足以及未来的研究方向。

关键词: 路径依赖, 地方依赖, 企业衍生, 锁定

Abstract: Path dependence is an important concept applied in explaining the evolutionary process and dynamics of the social and economic systems,and is also useful for understanding the evolution of economic landscape.Despite this concept has received increasing attention from the fields of economics and management in recent years,we has little knowledge about its implication for economic geography and regional economics.This paper reviews the origin of the path dependence theory and its application in a variety of fields including technological change,institutional evolution and social culture;reviews the literatures of applying the path dependence in explaining some important issues of economic geography;in particular,in understanding the mechanisms of regional economic evolution.This paper argues that there are two mechanisms of path dependence driving the evolution of regional economy: one is that the regional growth is driven by spin-offs and spatial clustering;the other is that over-specialization and the ignoring of external relations together cause regional lock-in.In the final part,the paper points out the short defects of the existing studies of economic geography on path dependence and the future research directions.

Key words: path-dependence, place dependence, spin-offs, lock-in