地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 853-862.doi: 10.11821/yj2012050009

• 环境与生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

深圳市道路网络结构特征的成因及其景观格局效应

王丽1, 曾辉1,2   

  1. 1. 北京大学深圳研究生院城市规划与设计学院 深圳 518055;
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2011-05-12 修回日期:2011-12-18 出版日期:2012-05-20 发布日期:2012-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 曾辉(1964- ),男,辽宁凤城人,教授,主要从事景观生态学、区域生态规划与生态修复技术研究。E-mail:zengh@szpku.edu.cn E-mail:zengh@szpku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王丽(1985- ),女,山东济南人,研究生,主要从事景观生态规划与生态修复技术研究。E-mail:jnszb.3@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40830747);深圳市“双百计划”项目

The principle of road network structures and its ecological effects on landscape in Shenzhen

WANG Li1, ZENG Hui1,2   

  1. 1. School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2011-05-12 Revised:2011-12-18 Online:2012-05-20 Published:2012-05-20

摘要: 本文以我国典型快速城市化地区深圳市为例,综合使用GIS技术、道路网络结构特征分析、景观格局分析和相关分析方法研究其道路网络结构特征的成因及其景观生态效应。在确定了24个独立的空间研究单元的基础上,重点分析了深圳市道路网络结构特征的相关关系、城市化水平差异对道路网络结构特征的影响和道路格局特征的景观整体及重要组分的格局效应。结果表明:城市建设用地密度的增加导致交通用地密度、节点和廊道储量增加,道路网络结构复杂程度、格局指数降低;资源条件、环境和生态保护约束是导致道路网络复杂性增加、结构发育水平下降、网络格局指数不断降低的主要原因;深圳市的道路网络格局特征对全市景观整体格局没有表现显著的约束性影响,对建设用地显示出环境保护约束和空间吸引两个方面的综合效应,对于林地则表现出生态保护约束、空间排斥和物理分割三个方面的综合效应。

关键词: 道路网络, 网络结构, 景观格局效应, 城市化, 深圳市

Abstract: As a typical city in China's fast urbanization,Shenzhen has been studied on the principle of road network structures and its landscape ecological effects in this paper.The integrated GIS technology,network structure analysis,landscape pattern analysis,and correlation analysis were used in the research.By dividing land of Shenzhen into 24 independent units,the paper discussed the correlations of each road network feature,effects of difference of urbanization level on road network structure features,as well as the landscape pattern effects of road network features at both land scale and class scale.The results indicated that with the increase of the density of urban construction land,the traffic density,the nodes and corridors of road networks increase,while the complexity of road network structure and the landscape pattern indexes decrease.The main restrictive factors are protection requirements of natural resources and eco-environment,which can result in an increase of road network complexity and decreases of development level of road structure network and network pattern indexes.No obvious constraint had been found in Shenzhen on road network features and landscape patterns on land scale.Road network features present two comprehensive effects,i.e.,environmental protection constraint and spatial attraction,on construction land distribution;while environmental protection constraint,spatial resistance and physical segregation are the three effects on woodland.

Key words: road networks, network structure, landscape effect, urbanization, Shenzhen