地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (6): 1103-1110.doi: 10.11821/yj2012060013

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市旅游与城市发展协调关系的定量评价——以杭州市为例

罗文斌1, 谭荣2   

  1. 1. 湖南师范大学旅游学院 长沙 410081;
    2. 浙江大学公共管理学院 杭州 310029
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-04 修回日期:2011-11-03 出版日期:2012-06-20 发布日期:2012-06-20
  • 通讯作者: 谭荣(1981- ),男,江苏宿迁人,副教授,博士,主要从事土地经济与管理、城市增长管理研究. E-mail:
  • 作者简介:罗文斌(1982- ),男,湖南衡阳人,博士,主要从事土地利用与城市旅游发展研究.E-mail:luojie82610@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(70903057);浙江省哲学社会科学规划课题11ZJQN028YB;教育部人文社会科项目12YJC630134

Quantitative study on the coordination of urban tourism and urban development:A case of Hangzhou

LUO Wen-bin1, TAN Rong2   

  1. 1. College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China;
    2. College of Public Administration, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
  • Received:2011-07-04 Revised:2011-11-03 Online:2012-06-20 Published:2012-06-20

摘要: 根据对城市旅游与城市发展协调性概念的界定,从城市经济水平、社会发展、公共交通、城市绿化、环境保护和旅游水平等6个方面,构建了城市旅游与城市发展协调性评价指标体系,并运用熵权TOPSIS法,对杭州市2001~2009年的城市旅游与城市发展协调性进行了定量评价。结果发现:杭州市9年间城市旅游与城市发展协调系数呈现持续递增趋势,2009年为0.8043,达到"非常协调"等级水平。尽管如此,但各年之间的改善系数却并未呈现出逐年递增的趋势。随着城市发展水平的提高,杭州市旅游与城市发展存在同步推进规律,两者之间协调状态会持续朝着理想最优方向推进。然而,各年协调状态改善程度非持续递增现象说明杭州城市旅游与城市发展协调状态存在"恶化"的风险,需要对其密切关注。

关键词: 城市旅游, 城市发展, 协调性, 杭州市

Abstract: According to the definition of coordination between urban tourism and urban development,the paper built an evaluation index system covering six aspects,i.e.,urban economic growth,social development,public transportation construction,urban greening,environmental protection and tourism prosperity level.The method of Entropy Weighting TOPSIS was used in a case study of Hangzhou city with the sample period of 2001-2009.The results showed that the coordination coefficient of urban tourism and urban development in Hangzhou increased continuously.The highest value was 0.8043 in 2009,which was classified as the most coordinated level.The lowest value was 0.2400 in 2001.However,the improvement coefficient for each year did not tend to increase year by year.The research indicated that we should pay more attention to the coordination status induced from the existence deterioration risk due to the discontinuous growth of improvement coefficient.The policy recommendation includes that 1)the government could carry out the quantitative analysis of the coordination status developed in the paper for the better-off purpose of the coordination;2)once the tourism development strategy is made,the urban development capacity should be considered to promote their coordination;3)tourism development should be included in the urban development system to construct the coordinated development system,i.e.,the so-called"city tourism".

Key words: urban tourism, urban development, coordination, Hangzhou