地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (7): 1163-1172.doi: 10.11821/yj2012070001

• 地理学思想 •    下一篇

地理环境结构的创新研究及其科学价值——纪念李春芬先生百年诞辰

朱季文1, 倪绍祥2, 蒋长瑜3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 南京 210008;
    2. 南京师范大学地理科学学院 南京 210097;
    3. 华东师范大学资源与环境科学学院 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-13 修回日期:2012-06-05 出版日期:2012-07-20 发布日期:2012-07-20
  • 通讯作者: 倪绍祥(1939- ),男,江苏无锡人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事自然地理及遥感应用研究.E-mail:nishaoxiang@126.com E-mail:nishaoxiang@126.com
  • 作者简介:朱季文(1933-2012),男,上海人,研究员,主要从事自然地理研究.

Innovative research on the physical structure of geographical environment and its scientific values: In memory of Professor Li Chunfen for his 100th anniversary of birth

ZHU Ji-wen1, NI Shao-xiang2, JIANG Chang-yu3   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. College of Geographical Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China;
    3. College of Resources and Environment Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2012-04-13 Revised:2012-06-05 Online:2012-07-20 Published:2012-07-20

摘要: 李春芬(1912~1996)是我国著名的老一代地理学家,从事地理学研究和教学近60年,为我国地理学尤其是区域地理学的发展作出了重大贡献。其学术思想的最精辟之处,是关于地理环境结构的整体性和差异性、"共性"与"个性"的科学论述,并成功地将其应用于相关研究和教学工作。本文论述了李春芬学术思想的形成背景、基本内容、科学价值及现实意义。李春芬的学术思想和创新见解,对于深化资源环境规划与管理、区域可持续发展等研究与实践有重要的现实指导意义,并对拓展和深化地理学的人地关系研究有重要推动作用。

关键词: 地理环境结构, 区域地理学, 人地关系, 整体性与差异性, 李春芬

Abstract: Professor Li Chunfen(1912-1996),one of the most well-known geographers in China,had his professional career in geography research and teaching as long as 60 years,and made a great contribution to the development of China's geography,especially the regional geography.His most brilliant academic ideas are that the physical structure of geographical environment has the distinct features,i.e.,'integrity and disparity',and'generality and individuality',and these ideas had been applied successfully in his research and teaching of regional geography.His well-known books'Physical Structure of South American Geographical Environment' and'Physical Structure of North American Geographical Environment' are commonly recognized as the classical monographs of regional geography.Besides,he published several influential papers on the theoretical plane such as 'Object,task and method of integrated physical geography based on its development course','Regional geography: problems and prospects','Recent developments of geography as against its traditions'.The major purpose of this paper is to give a brief introduction to the background for shaping Prof.Li's academic ideas,as well as the main content,scientific value and practical significance of his ideas.Prof.Li's innovative academic ideas on the physical structure of geographical environment have great significance in promoting and deepening the researches on planning and management of natural resources and environment,sustainable regional development,and human-environmental relationship in geography.

Key words: geographical environment structure, regional geography, human-environment interaction, integrity and disparity, Li Chunfen