地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (7): 1224-1232.doi: 10.11821/yj2012070006

• 环境与生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

庐山森林景观美学质量与景观格局指数的关系

周年兴, 黄震方, 蒋铭萍, 梁艳艳   

  1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院 南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-02 修回日期:2012-04-15 出版日期:2012-07-20 发布日期:2012-07-20
  • 作者简介:周年兴(1976- ),男,浙江江山人,博士后,副教授,主要从事旅游地理和景观规划研究.E-mail:zhounianxing@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40901064);江苏省高校自然科学基金(08KJB170002);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目

The relationships between forest landscape visual quality and landscape spatial pattern index of Mount Lushan

ZHOU Nian-xing, HUANG Zhen-fang, JIANG Ming-ping, LIANG Yan-yan   

  1. College of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • Received:2011-09-02 Revised:2012-04-15 Online:2012-07-20 Published:2012-07-20

摘要: 森林景观美学价值和生态可持续价值是森林景观系统中两种主要的价值。采集一系列典型森林景观照片,将这些景观照片对公众进行审美评价,并判别他们的景观生态特征,最后进行景观美学质量与景观格局指数之间相互关系的研究。本文得出了以下主要结论:(1)美景度值(SBE值)与景观组分指数中的水域所占面积比存在很强的正相关(r=0.472,P<0.01),与自然性指数也有较强的正相关(r=0.368,P<0.05);而与建筑所占面积比存在很强的负相关(r=-0.422,P<0.01)。(2)SBE值与景观格局指数中的斑块密度(r=-0.489,P<0.01)存在显著的负相关,而与边界密度(r=0.481,P<0.01)、多样性指数(r=0.602,P<0.01)存在显著的正相关。(3)SBE值与开放性指数、最大斑块面积比和形状指数之间并没有显著的相关性。

关键词: 景观美学质量, 景观格局指数, 森林景观, 庐山

Abstract: Aesthetic appreciation and ecological sustainable development jointly mark the two key main goals in forest landscape management.However,how to reconcile the two goals has always been the crucial research issue on the relationship between landscape visual quality and spatial pattern index.More than 49 landscape pictures were taken from a wide range of Mount Lushan Scenic Area,and the spots represented in the photos were digitized on the forest field survey map.The Scenic Beauty Evaluation(SBE) of the 49 pictures were calculated according to the visual assessment test,the landscape spatial pattern index,such as patch density,large patch index,edge density,landscape shape index,Shannon's diversity index,have been calculated,and the relationship between landscape visual quality and landscape spatial pattern index have also been figured out.The results are shown as follows.(1) As far as the landscape composition is concerned,we find a significant positive correlation between SBE values and the percentage of water area(r=0.472,P<0.01),and a significant negative correlation between SBE values and the percentage of built-up area(r=-0.422,P<0.01).We also find a positive correlation between SBE values and the naturalness index(r=0.368,P<0.05).(2) With the point view of landscape pattern index,we find a significant negative correlation between SBE values and patch density(r=-0.489,P<0.01),and a significant positive correlation between the SBE values and the edge density(r=0.481,P<0.01) and Shannon's diversity index(r=0.602,P<0.01).(3) We find no correlation in the total dataset between SBE values and the openness index,large patch index and landscape shape index.The results of this study may be useful in forest landscape management for realizing the goal that landscape aesthetic appreciation can go well with ecological sustainable development.

Key words: landscape visual quality, landscape spatial pattern index, forest landscape, Mount Lushan