地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 1365-1374.doi: 10.11821/yj2012080002

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

广西西江黄金水道开发与西江经济带城镇体系空间结构重构

刘盛和1, 兰肖雄1,2, 樊杰1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2011-12-16 修回日期:2012-02-11 出版日期:2012-08-20 发布日期:2012-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 樊杰(1961- ),男,博士,研究员,博士生导师。研究方向为区域发展与区域规划。E-mail:fanj@ig-snrr.ac.cn E-mail:fanj@ig-snrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:刘盛和(1967- ),男,湖南衡阳人,博士,研究员,博士生导师。研究方向为城市发展与土地利用。E-mail:liush@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971102);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(KZCX2-YW-322)

Xijiang golden waterway development and restructuring of the urban system in Xijiang economic region of Guangxi

LIU Sheng-he1, LAN Xiao-xiong1,2, FAN Jie1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-12-16 Revised:2012-02-11 Online:2012-08-20 Published:2012-08-20

摘要: 以广西西江黄金水道开发规划为例,采用层次(AHP)分析法,提出了由经济区位、水运能力、综合交通条件和产业发展潜力等4个方面13个因素所构成的评估指标体系,预估西江黄金水道开发规划对区域内各城镇的差异性影响,发现其具有轴向集聚性和轴线分异性,因而不同次区域应因地制宜地采用不同的城镇化发展战略。同时,本文对反映不同的城镇发展战略与重点的"金三角"、"倒T字型"和"中心辐射型"等三种空间结构进行综合比较,认为广西城镇体系规划原来所提出的"中心辐射型"空间结构已不适宜,而"倒T字型"模式和"金三角"模式各有优缺点,可将它们进行组合集成,构建特色鲜明、疏密有致的城镇体系。

关键词: 西江经济带, 黄金水道, 城镇体系, 城镇发展轴, 广西

Abstract: China has been rapidly constructing its major transportation infrastructure such as high-speed railway and highway,waterway,which have great impacts on regional city development and urban system planning,so it is urgently needed to explore the impact evaluation method and to conduct empirical case studies.By taking Xijiang waterway development as a case study with AHP method,this paper firstly puts forward an impact evaluation index system consisting of 13 indexes in 4 aspects such as the improvement of regional economic location,the improvement of water transport capacity,the improvement of regional comprehensive transportation conditions and the potential of industrial development.Then,the differential impacts of Xijiang waterway exploitation on city development in sub-areas have been evaluated by using this index system.The results are shown as follows.(1) The impacts of Xijiang waterway development on city development are strongly concentrated on the axis of Xijiang riverside and are also different in different sub-areas.Thus,different sub-areas within Xijiang economic region should adopt different urbanization development strategies.The eastern sub-area should rapidly develop the city corridor along the Xijiang mainstream,the central sun-area should actively develop the metropolitan areas such as Nanning Metropolis,and the upstream sub-area should mainly develop characteristic cities.(2) Xijiang waterway development also has strong impacts on the regional urban system and its spatial structure planning.By conducting comprehensive comparison among the three spatial models such as the "Central Radiation" model,the "Golden Triangle" model and the "Reverse-T" model pattern,this paper concludes that the "Central Radiation" model,which is proposed by the "Guangxi Urban System Planning(2006-2020) ",is no long suitable,and the latter two models or their combination are more suitable.

Key words: Xijiang economic region, golden waterway, urban development axis, spatial structure, Guangxi