地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (9): 1673-1684.doi: 10.11821/yj2012090013

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

哈大齐工业走廊经济与环境协调发展评价指标体系——基于脆弱性视角的研究

万鲁河, 张茜, 陈晓红   

  1. 黑龙江省普通高等学校地理环境遥感监测重点实验室, 哈尔滨师范大学地理科学学院, 哈尔滨 150025
  • 收稿日期:2011-12-15 修回日期:2012-05-12 出版日期:2012-09-20 发布日期:2012-09-20
  • 作者简介:万鲁河(1967- ),男,山东曹县人,教授,博士,主要研究方向为环境评价和3S技术应用。E-mail:wanluhe@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40971303、41101548);高等学校博士学科重点专项科研基金(20102329110001);黑龙江省自然科学基金资助项目(C201022);黑龙江省高等学校科技创新团队建设计划项目资助(2010td10)

Research on evaluation index system of the coordination between economic development and environment in Ha-Da-Qi Industrial Corridor based on the angle of view of vulnerability

WAN Lu-he, ZHANG Qian, CHEN Xiao-hong   

  1. Key Laboratory of Geographical Resource and Environment Remote Sensing, Colleges of Heilongjiang Province, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, China
  • Received:2011-12-15 Revised:2012-05-12 Online:2012-09-20 Published:2012-09-20

摘要: 采用聚类分析与方差分析相结合并借助碎石图的方法,并结合哈大齐工业走廊建设的特点,建立了包括经济和环境两大系统的一整套评价指标体系,在此基础上,构建了脆弱性评价模型及分级标准,并对哈大齐三个城市的经济与环境协调发展系统进行了评价。结果表明:(1)该指标体系构建方法较好的解决了指标在选取时的信息重叠和筛选后的指标存在片面性的问题;(2)哈大齐三个城市经济与环境协调发展系统综合脆弱性总体上随着城市的发展由重度脆弱逐渐过渡到轻度脆弱状态,且经济系统脆弱性基本好于环境系统脆弱性;(3)2007年,制约哈尔滨经济与环境协调发展系统脆弱性主要是环境治理指数,制约大庆和齐齐哈尔的主要是环境污染指数。

关键词: 哈大齐工业走廊, 协调发展, 指标体系, 脆弱性

Abstract: According to clustering analysis and variance analysis by using the method of screen plot,this paper takes the Ha-Da-Qi Industrial Corridor as an example to study its development,and establishes an evaluation index system including two big systems of economic development and environment.Based on this,it constructs a vulnerability evaluation model and grading standards,and evaluates the environmental and economic coordination development system for three cities of Harbin,Daqing and Qiqihar.The results show that:(1) the index system construction method is a good way to solve the problems about information overlapping and screened indexes' one-sidedness in selection of the indexes;(2) the comprehensive vulnerability of economy-environment coordinated development system in the three cities,in general,is transiting gradually from severe fragile state to mild one;(3) in 2007,the main index of vulnerability restricting economy-environment coordinated development is comprehensive ecological improvement index for Harbin and environment pollution index for Daqing and Qiqihar.

Key words: Ha-Da-Qi Industrial Corridor, coordinated development, index system, vulnerability