地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 1737-1748.doi: 10.11821/yj2012100001

所属专题: 人地系统

• 理论与方法 •    下一篇

TRIZ:研究人地关系问题的一种新的理论与方法

孙峰华1,5, 朱传耿2, 王振波3, 孙东琪4   

  1. 1. 鲁东大学环渤海发展研究院, 烟台264025;
    2. 江苏师范大学城市与环境学院, 徐州221116;
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    4. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院, 南京210093;
    5. 山西师范大学城市与环境科学学院, 临汾041004
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-24 修回日期:2012-07-03 出版日期:2012-10-10 发布日期:2012-10-10
  • 作者简介:孙峰华(1957-),男,山东单县人,教授,国家创新方法研究会会员,主要从事人文地理的教学与研究。E-mail:sfhaaa@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(41171096);国家社会科学基金特别委托项目(2007@ZH005);国家软科学重大项目(2700ZXQ4D166)

TRIZ:A new theory and method of study man-land relationship problems

SUN Feng-hua1,5, ZHU Chuan-geng2, WANG Zhen-bo3, SUN Dong-qi4   

  1. 1. Development Research Institute of the Region Encircling the Bohai Sea, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, Shandong, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    4. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    5. School of Urban and Environment Sciences, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004, Shanxi, China
  • Received:2012-03-24 Revised:2012-07-03 Online:2012-10-10 Published:2012-10-10

摘要: 我国地理学家认为应该加强人地关系问题的综合集成研究。目前我国人地关系问题研究, 在技术设计解决问题上尚属空白, 为此, 引入TRIZ.TRIZ解决问题的基本观点有技术系统、技术矛盾、创新等级、理想状态;解决系统中矛盾问题的理论基础是技术系统演变的8个法则。TRIZ解决问题的方法主要是使用分析工具和知识库, 分析工具主要包括矛盾矩阵、物-场模型与标准解法、ARIZ、需求功能分析;知识库主要包括40个创新原理、解决矛盾问题的原则、76个标准解、效应数据库。TRIZ解决问题的程序主要是识别问题、选择工具和方法、解决矛盾问题的方案评估。以武汉市青山区为案例, 探讨了TRIZ解决区域人地关系矛盾问题的思路、理论、方法和强大功能, 构建了TRIZ理论解决区域人地关系问题的逻辑范式。结论指出, TRIZ不仅适用于技术领域, 也适用于非技术领域, 将为今后人地关系问题研究提供一种新视野、新理论、新方法。

关键词: TRIZ, 人地关系, 理论, 方法

Abstract: Chinese geographers believe that the synthetic studies on man-land relationship should be strengthened.However, no research has been done yet in China on technical design in terms of man-land relationship.Therefore, TRIZ has been introduced to deal with issues related with technological system, technique contradictions, innovation level and ideal situation.The theoretical basis of TRIZ for overcoming the system contradictions is based on eight laws of technical system evolution.The methods are mainly used as analysis tools and repository.The analysis tools include contradiction matrix, substance-field model, standard solution, ARIZ and demand function analysis.The repository includes 40 innovation theories, contradiction solving principles, 76standard solutions and an effect database.The procedure of TRIZ includes problem identification, tool and method selection and solving programme evaluation.This study, with Qingshan District of Wuhan as a case, probes into the approach, the theory, the method and the powerful function of TRIZ in solving contradictions of areal man-land relationship, and establishes a logic paradigm as well.The conclusion shows that TRIZ, applicable to both technology field and non-technical field, offers a new vision, new theory and new method for studying man-land relationship in the future.

Key words: TRIZ, man-land relationships, case study, new theory, new method