The Analysis of Commuting Behavior in the Huge Residential Districts: A Case Study of Wangjing and Tiantongyuan in Beijing
MENG Bin1,2, Yu Hu-li3, Zheng Li-min3
1. College of Applied Arts and Sciences, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China;
2. Institute of Beijing Study, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China;
3. College of Resource Enviroment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100120, China
Abstract：The relationship between the jobs and residents changed rapidly with the development of the suburbanization.The balance between jobs-housing locations in China was disintegrated and reconstructed during the periods of reform and rapid economic development. Beijing, the capital of China, was also faced with the urbanization and suburbanization during the past 30 years.This study chose Wangjing and Tiantongyuan, which are two huge residential districts located in suburbs of Beijing, as the cases, and tried to find out the commuting behavior in Beijing based on the data from two questionnaires answered apart in 2005 and 2010.The Geographic Information System (GIS) and spatial analysis were used to compare the commuting behavior.The questionnaires include the information about the residents, employment and commuting.The results of the questionnaires show that the residents at Wangjing and Tiantongyuan spent more than 40 minutes on the signal way to work places.So the long time commuting is the common characteristic of the residents in suburban districts.But for different functions for the residential districts, Wangjing is a more mixed district than Tiantongyuan.And the departure time in the morning, the choice of the traffic ways and the commuting flow are different between Wangjing and Tiantongyuan.The main factors that cause these differences include the location of the residential districts, the traffic system and the functional planning of the districts. Mixed land use in suburban areas, and the well planned road system will be helpful to reduce the separation distance between jobs and housing developed with the suburbanization
孟斌, 于慧丽, 郑丽敏. 北京大型居住区居民通勤行为对比研究——以望京居住区和天通苑居住区为例[J]. 地理研究, 2012, 31(11): 2069-2079.
MENG Bin, Yu Hu-li, Zheng Li-min. The Analysis of Commuting Behavior in the Huge Residential Districts: A Case Study of Wangjing and Tiantongyuan in Beijing. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2012, 31(11): 2069-2079.