地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (11): 2094-2103.doi: 10.11821/yj2012110016

• 文化与旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于旅游系统理论的中国乡村旅游发展模式探讨

张树民1,2, 钟林生3, 王灵恩3   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院北京100871;
    2. 国家旅游局规划财务司北京100740;
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2011-12-12 修回日期:2012-07-15 出版日期:2012-11-10 发布日期:2012-11-10
  • 作者简介:张树民(1973-),男,黑龙江人,博士研究生,研究方向为区域与城市问题、旅游产业发展。E-mail:shmzhang@cnta.gov.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(41171435);国家社会科学基金重大项目(10zd&051)

Research on development model of China's rural tourism based on tourism system theory

ZHANG Shu-min1,2, ZHONG Lin-sheng3, WANG Ling-en3   

  1. 1. College of Urban &Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. Department of Planning &Finance, National Tourism Administration of China, Beijing 100740, China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-12-12 Revised:2012-07-15 Online:2012-11-10 Published:2012-11-10

摘要: 基于旅游系统理论分析中国乡村旅游发展模式,能更全面的识别我国乡村旅游发展的驱动要素及其相互作用机理。在概述旅游系统理论、乡村旅游系统及其驱动因素的基础上,归纳了我国乡村旅游的发展模式类型与特点,即需求拉动型模式、供给推动型模式、中介影响型模式、支持作用型模式以及混合驱动型模式,并且选取北京昌平康陵村、山西皇城村、安徽黟县西递村、西藏林芝扎西岗村等典型案例,对乡村旅游系统及驱动机制、利益主体等方面进行了研究,为我国乡村旅游资源的开发、乡村旅游政策制定提供支持与借鉴。

关键词: 乡村旅游, 旅游系统, 发展模式, 中国

Abstract: Rural tourism, as an emerging effective catalyst in promoting industrial restructuring and upgrading rural areas has accelerated economic growth and developed rapidly in China in the last three decades.Analyses of the rural tourism development model based on the tourism system theory can help to recognize various driving factors in China's rural tourism development and their interaction mechanism, and thus this model provides a reference for the future development of China's rural tourism.However, people have little understanding of the core issues in rural tourism such as rural tourism system, development model and its driving factors.This article firstly addresses the definition and content of rural tourism system, and then provides an overview and brief evaluation on the development model.Finally, the authors sum up the five models and their characteristics of China's rural tourism development:demand-pull mode, the supply-driven mode, the mediation effecting model, supporting system affecting a role model and hybrid-driven mode. The paper selected the Kangling Village in Changping District of Beijing, Huangcheng Village of Shanxi, Xidi Village in Yixian County of Anhui, Tashi Village in Nyingchi of Tibet as typical study cases of rural tourism development model to analyze their system, driving mechanism, stakeholders and so on.The research result can provide reference for the resource development and policy making for China's rural tourism.

Key words: rural tourism, tourism system, development model, China