地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 2123-2138.doi: 10.11821/yj2012120001

• 经济与区域发展 •    下一篇

中国大陆空间结构分异的进化

夏海斌1, 王铮1,2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学地理信息教育部重点实验室, 上海260062;
    2. 中国科学院政策与管理研究所, 北京100080
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-12 修回日期:2012-08-05 出版日期:2012-12-10 发布日期:2012-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 王铮(1954-),男,云南陆良人,研究员,博导,主要从事理论地理学、计算地理学、计算管理科学以及区域发展与管理研究。E-mail:Wangzheng@casipm.ac.cn E-mail:Wangzheng@casipm.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:夏海斌(1979-),男,上海人,博士生,研究方向为地理信息系统、区域管理。E-mail:Xiahaibin@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(70933002)

Evolution of land differentiation in Chinese mainland

XIA Hai-bin1, WANG Zheng1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
    2. Institute of Policy and Management, CAS, Beijing 100080, China
  • Received:2012-04-12 Revised:2012-08-05 Online:2012-12-10 Published:2012-12-10

摘要: 在明确决定中国空间分异的三次本性的地理要素的基础上, 以进化经济地理学的观点 进一步分析三次本性在区域发展与演化的作用, 发现第一本性地理要素决定了中国农业的空 间锁定——即秦岭-淮河线和长城一线;随着第二本性对区域经济发展作用不断提高, 原有 的锁定被打破, 中心城市锁定了基本空间格局, 区域出现了中心腹地结构;第三本性促进区 域发生结构变异, 枢纽网络结构被创生出来, 结构发生了突变。另外三次本性在空间上存在 着路径依赖的关系, 第二本性往往最初受到第一本性的推动, 而第三本性往往最初受到第一 本性和第二本性的推动。从宏观上而言, 中国在三次产业进化过程中, 胡焕庸线并没有被打 破, 成为中国区域发展基本的锁定。

关键词: 空间分异, Krugman学说, 三次本性, 路径依赖, 空间锁定

Abstract: In this paper,on the basis of three natures which determine Chinese spatial heterogeneity, further analysis of the role of three natures on the regional development and evolution is done in the point of view of evolutionary economic geography.The first nature which determines the spatial lock of Chinese agriculture-the Line of Qinling Mountain-Huaihe River and the Great Wall plays a leading role in the first industrial revolution(Agricultural Revolution).When times transferred from the agricultural society to industrial society,the second nature composed of transportation and infrastructure increasingly contributed to the regional economic development. The original spatial lock was broken.The central cities locked the basic spatial structure.Center- Hinterland structure can be found in the region.The third nature promotes regional structural variation.The structure of Hub-Network is created.The path dependence of three natures can be observed significantly,which means the second nature is initially driven by the first nature,and the third nature is initially driven by the first and second natures.In the process of regional evolution, Hu Huanyong Line,which is a famous geographical boundary in China,has not been broken.The Hu Huanyong Line has become the basic lock of regional development in China.

Key words: spatial distribution, Krugman doctrine, Three Natures, path dependence, spatial lock