地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 2139-2152.doi: 10.11821/yj2012120002

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

国家区域政策对央企空间布局的影响

刘可文1,2, 曹有挥1, 肖琛1,2, 王聪1,2, 车前进3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100039;
    3. 江苏省工程咨询中心, 南京210003
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-12 修回日期:2012-06-15 出版日期:2012-12-10 发布日期:2012-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 曹有挥(1959-),男,江苏扬州人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究方向为经济地理和人文地理学。E-mail:yhcao@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:刘可文(1981-),男,陕西咸阳人,博士生,主要研究方向为城市发展与区域规划。E-mail:lkwenline@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-YW-339)

The effect of national and regional policy on spatial distribution of Central Enterprises

LIU Ke-wen1,2, CAO You-hui1, XIAO Chen1,2, WANG Cong1,2, CHE Qian-jin3   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China;
    3. Jiangsu Engineering Consulting Center, Nanjing 210003, China
  • Received:2012-03-12 Revised:2012-06-15 Online:2012-12-10 Published:2012-12-10

摘要: 建国伊始, 国家区域政策就深刻影响着央企的空间布局。通过对改革开放以来我国区 域政策对央企空间布局的影响机制、特征与过程分析, 结果表明:央企空间布局是“经济人” 与“政治人”两种行为特征相互博弈的结果, 受国家区域政策直接、间接和累积循环三种模 式影响, 总体布局呈不平衡的板块集聚特征, 央企总部布局具有极高的首都指向性。国家区 域政策的转变历程与央企布局的演变过程相吻合, 均经历了均衡-不均衡-均衡的演变过程。 经济区内的政策强度与央企布局个数呈较强的正相关关系, 政策强度与央企扩张具有相似的 年际变化规律, 但存在时滞和周期性。在不同的区域政策时期, 央企布局的空间变动和区域 政策的调整具有相应的一致性, 各阶段主要的作用机制不同, 且趋于三种模式的相互混合 影响。

关键词: 区域政策, 中央企业, 空间布局

Abstract: National and regional policies have deeply affected the spatial distribution of Central Enterprises since 1949.This paper analyses the influence mechanism,characteristics and process of regional policy on spatial distribution of Central Enterprises since the reform and opening up,the results show that the spatial distribution of Central Enterprises is the outcome of gaming between “economic man” and “political man”.Influenced by the three models of national and regional policies of direct,indirect and cumulative cycle,the overall characteristics of spatial distribution of Central Enterprises present an unbalanced plate agglomeration,and the gathering of Central Enterprises'headquarters has extremely high capital directivity.The change process of regional policy and the evolution process of Central Enterprises'layout are identical with each other,and both underwent the evolution process of balanced-unbalanced-balanced.There is a strong positive correlation between regional economic policy intensity and the number of Central Enterprises.The inter-annual variability of policy intensity and Central Enterprises'expansion is similar,but the influence has time-lag and cyclicity.In different periods of regional policies,the changes of spatial distribution of Central Enterprises and regional policy adjustment has corresponding consistency,but the main mechanism is different,which tends to be the combined effect of three modes.

Key words: regional policy, Central Enterprises, spatial distribution