地理研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (12): 2197-2208.doi: 10.11821/yj2012120007

• 文化与旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

传统节庆在地方认同建构中的意义——以广州“迎春花市”为例

刘博1,2,3, 朱竑2,3, 袁振杰2   

  1. 1. 广州市广播电视大学, 广州510091;
    2. 华南师范大学文化产业与文化地理研究中心, 广州510631;
    3. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-26 修回日期:2012-06-24 出版日期:2012-12-10 发布日期:2012-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 朱竑(1968-),男,甘肃临夏人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究领域为文化产业与文化地理。E-mail:zhuh@scnu.edu.cn E-mail:zhuh@scnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘博(1979-),女,河北石家庄人,讲师,博士生,研究方向为文化地理学。E-mail:114659591@qq.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(41171125,41171128,41201137,41201140);广东省自然科学基金资 助项目(10251063101000007,S2011010005996);广东省普通高校人文社会科学研究重点项目 (05ZD790008)

The significance of the traditional festival in the construction of place identity: A case study of the Winter Jasmine Flower Market in Guangzhou

LIU Bo1,2,3, ZHU Hong2,3, YUAN Zhen-jie2   

  1. 1. Guangzhou Open University, Guangzhou 510091, China;
    2. Center for Cultural Industry and Cultural Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China;
    3. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2012-03-26 Revised:2012-06-24 Online:2012-12-10 Published:2012-12-10

摘要: 节庆是地理学研究地方认同的一个重要视角。广州“迎春花市”与广府人“年卅晚行 花街”的传统民俗密不可分。一年一度的地方民俗节庆“迎春花市”作为广府地区的特质文 化形式, 在塑造地方认同中具有独特意义。本文基于新文化地理学视角, 采用问卷调查、参 与式观察、深度访谈等方法来搜集数据, 对问卷数据利用SPSS17.0进行频数统计、描述性统 计分析、数据质量分析、因子分析和单因子方差分析, 对访谈记录、网络资料等定性资料进 行文本分析。结果显示:(1)地方认同形成过程包含认知、情感和意向三个心理过程, 迎春 花市在这三个层面上都对地方认同的建构有积极作用。特别是, 政府尊重民意举办花市之举 措有利于促进地方认同的建构;(2)广州世居居民、父辈移居广州者、己辈定居者三类群体 对迎春花市的认同过程存在一定差异。尽管, 节庆能很好地将不同群体整合进更大的社区, 但是新来者要成为“本地人”,建立起地方认同仍需假以时日。这些发现将有助于理解广州不 同文化身份市民的文化融合及地方认同的形成原因

关键词: 地方认同, 传统节庆, 迎春花市, 广州

Abstract: Festival is one of the most important perspectives from which geographers examine place identity.The Winter Jasmine Flower Market in Guangzhou is closely linked to the Cantonese Chun folk custom of “line of Flower Street”.As a local festival,the Winter Jasmine Flower Market has its unique function in constructing local place identity,Especially in a background of Guangzhou creating a national urban centre and the world cultural city,the flower market has been regarded as an important form of the Cantonese unique culture.From the perspective of new cultural geography,this paper adopts methods including questionnaire survey,participant observation and interview to explore the role of the flower market in shaping the local place identity.This paper used SPSS17.0 to analyze quantitative data from 185 valid questionnaires and explained the results with 15copies of interview records and online comments.The results are as follows.(1)The place identity includes cognitive,affective and behavioral dimensions and the flower market has positive influence on the construction of place identity for the three dimensions.Especially,the fact that the government supported the public opinion helped strengthen the construction of local identity.(2)There are significant differences among the Guangzhou locals,emigrants with their parents and the new emigrants.The newcomers need time to become “locals”. All these findings will help improve place identity of all different groups in Guangzhou and create a harmonious society.

Key words: place identity, traditional festival, Winter Jasmine Flower Market, Guangzhou