Driving mechanism of the small tourism firms development in scenic areas:A case study of Xidi Village
YIN Shoubing1,2, LIU Yunxia2, ZHAO Peng2
1. Geography and Planning School, Center for Tourism Planning and Research, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
2. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Center for Tourism Planning and Research, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
Abstract：Qualitative research methodology is used in this study, such as participant observation and in-depth interview. Based on reviewing the progress of tourism development in Xidi village, it has been found that entrepreneurship and tourism demands are the critical internal and external factors in the development of the small tourism firms (STFs), and both factors have exerted great influence on the governance model. Three stages of governance model have been identified by the intervention degree of government, community and the third sector (e.g., Heritage Protection Organizations). The three stages are the community governance model with spontaneous community participation, the network governance model featuring the joint controls by government, community and the third sector, and the hierarchy governance model with government's constantly strengthening commands and controls. Along with the changes in governance model, government's commands and controls have been strengthened continuously, while government's interest demands led to structural changes in the tourism markets, which caused the changes in the operating characteristics and spatial structure of the STFs. Meanwhile, the entrepreneurship and imitative innovation capacity of the residents have been influenced, hence the development pace and scale of the STFs presented different features in different stages. As indicated by the research findings, the optimization of governance model is the key point to the sustainable development of the STFs.
尹寿兵, 刘云霞, 赵鹏. 景区内旅游小企业发展的驱动机制——西递村案例研究[J]. 地理研究, 2013, 32(2): 360-368.
YIN Shoubing, LIU Yunxia, ZHAO Peng. Driving mechanism of the small tourism firms development in scenic areas:A case study of Xidi Village. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2013, 32(2): 360-368.
Getz D, Carlsen J. Family business in tourism: State of the art. Annals of Tourism Research, 2005, 32: 237-258.
Thomas R. Small firms in the tourism industry: Some conceptual issues. International Journal of Tourism Research, 2000, (2):345-353.
Andriotis K. Scale of hospitality firms and local economic development: Evidence from Crete. Tourism Management, 2002, 23: 333-341.
Page S J, Forer P, Lawton G R. Small business development and tourism: Terra incognita? Tourism Management, 1999, 20: 435-459.
Reichel A, Haber S. A three-sector comparison of the business performance of small tourism enterprises: An exploratory study. Tourism Management, 2005, 26: 681-690.
Ateljevic J. Small tourism firms and management practices in New Zealand: The Centre Stage Macro Region. Tourism Management, 2007, 28: 307-316.
Getz D, Carlsen J. Characteristics and goals of family and owner-operated businesses in the rural tourism and hospitality sectors. Tourism Management, 2000, 21(6): 547-560.
Barr T. From quirky islanders to entrepreneurial magnates; The transition of the Whitsundays. Journal of Tourism Studies, 1990, 1: 26-32.
Mulreany M. Entrepreneurs, intrapreneurs and opportunity: The tourist and hospitality industries in conditions of severe economic constraint. Proceedings of the international conference on entrepreneurship in the hospitality industry. Edinburgh, Queen Margret College, 1988.
Bosworth G, Farrell H. Tourism enterpreneurs in Northumberland. Annals of Tourism Research, 2011, 38(4): 1474-1494.
Gersick K E, Lansberg I, Desjardins M et al. Stages and transitions: Managing change in the family business. Family Business Review, 1999, 12: 287-297.
Atljevic I, Doorne S. "Staying within the fence": Lifestyle entrepreneurship in tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2000, 8: 378-392.
Russell R, Faulkner B. Entrepreneurship, chaos and the tourism area lifecycle. Annals of Tourism Research, 2004,31: 556-579.
Russell R, Faulkner B. Movers and shakers: Chaos makers in tourism development. Tourism Management, 1999, 20: 411-423.
Tinsley R, P Lynch. Small tourism business networks and destination development. Hospitality Management, 2001, 20: 367-378.