地理研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 369-379.doi: 10.11821/yj2013020017

• 旅游与社会文化地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

分散型村落遗产的保护利用——以开平碉楼与村落为例

陈耀华1, 杨柳2, 颜思琦1   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院, 北京 100871;
    2. 北京大学深圳研究生院城市规划与设计学院, 深圳 518055
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-05 修回日期:2012-10-15 出版日期:2013-02-10 发布日期:2013-02-10
  • 作者简介:陈耀华(1966- ),男,江苏常州人,副教授,从事风景区与世界遗产研究。E-mail:chenyh@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41171431)

The protection and development of the world heritage of scattered-type villages:Taking Kaiping Diaolou and villages as an example

CHEN Yaohua1, YANG Liu2, YAN Siqi1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. School of Urban Planning and Design in Shenzhen graduate school, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, China
  • Received:2012-05-05 Revised:2012-10-15 Online:2013-02-10 Published:2013-02-10

摘要: 以世界文化遗产——开平碉楼与村落为例,从空间结构入手探讨了"分散型村落"这一特殊遗产类型的概念及其空间布局分散、村落格局完整、主题载体连接、片区特色鲜明和整体价值突出的五大特点,并阐述了这些特点对遗产地带来的不利于统一管理与统筹利用等方面的影响。在分析开平碉楼与村落遗产地保护和发展现状的基础上,对比和借鉴其他类似"分散型村落"遗产地保护利用经验,针对分散型村落遗产的独立性、差异性和不可分割性,提出了该类遗产整体保护、统筹规划、区域联动、统一形象、各显特色、纽带连接等保护和发展的对策,达到在保护村落遗产的真实性和完整性的同时使遗产地实现可持续发展。这对我国众多村落遗产及历史村镇如何在快速城镇化和新农村建设的背景下,既要严格保护珍贵的遗产资源,又要有效发展当地社会经济有较好的启示作用。

关键词: 分散型, 村落, 世界遗产, 开平碉楼, 保护利用

Abstract: Taking the world cultural heritage—Kaiping Diaolou as an example, this paper investigates a special type of world heritage—"scattered-type villages", from the perspectives of their concept, and examines five characteristics of those villages: scatter in the space layout, integrity in the village pattern, harmony in the overall theme, distinction in the partition style, and outstanding universal value as a unique type of world heritage. In addition, this paper probes into the effects that those characteristics exert on heritage sites, such as the negative effects on their overall management and utilization. On the basis of the study of the protection and development status quo of Kaiping Diaolou and Villages, with comparison and reference to the experiences from other similar "scattered-type villages", and in view of the independence, differentiation and indivisibility of heritage sites, this paper proposes some strategies of protection and development, such as overall protection, overall management plan, region interaction, unified image, outlining the characteristics and the link connection, etc., so that the heritage sites could be well protected in terms of their authenticity and integrity, and sustainably develop as well. Against the background of rapid urbanization and new countryside construction in China, this paper is inspirational to the problem of how to strictly protect valuable world heritages as well as to efficiently develop local economy.

Key words: scattered-type, villages, world heritage, Kaiping Diaolou, protection and development