地理研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 902-914.doi: 10.11821/yj2013050013

• 城市与区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国海洋产业的结构与布局研究展望

马仁锋1,2, 李加林1,2, 赵建吉3, 庄佩君4   

  1. 1. 宁波大学城市科学系, 宁波315211;
    2. 宁波大学浙江省海洋文化与经济研究中心, 宁波315211;
    3. 河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心, 开封475001;
    4. 宁波大学海运物流系, 宁波315211
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-23 修回日期:2013-03-01 出版日期:2013-05-10 发布日期:2013-05-10
  • 通讯作者: 李加林(1973-),男,浙江台州人,教授,博士,主要从事海岸带与海洋经济研究。E-mail:nbnj2001@163.com E-mail:nbnj2001@163.com
  • 作者简介:马仁锋(1979-),男,湖北枣阳人,讲师,博士,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所在站博士后,主要从事经济地理与城乡规划研究。E-mail:marfxf@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    浙江省海洋文化与经济研究中心项目(11HYJDYY05、12HYJDYY02);浙江省哲社重点研究基地省社科规划项目(12JDHY01Z);国家自然科学基金项目(41171073);教育部人文社科基金(12YJC790280);宁波大学区域经济与社会发展研究院海洋专项研究项目(HYS1203);河南省社科基金项目(2012BJJ048)

Progress on the research of maritime industry structure and layout in China

MA Renfeng1,2, LI Jialin1,2, ZHAO Jianji3, ZHUANG Peijun4   

  1. 1. Urban science Department of Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China;
    2. Marine Culture and Economy Research Center of Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China;
    3. The center for Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development of Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China;
    4. Maritime Logistics Department of Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
  • Received:2012-05-23 Revised:2013-03-01 Online:2013-05-10 Published:2013-05-10

摘要: 海洋产业结构与布局是海洋经济地理学研究的核心领域与主体内容,国内相关文献日益丰富,但海洋产业结构与布局研究尚未形成完整体系。梳理现有文献发现:国内研究存在起步晚、发展缓慢,高层次研究成果少且增长慢,以区域实证研究为主、理论创新研究较少等问题,现有研究集中在6方面:①海洋产业结构与布局的内涵、规律及其与陆域布局差异探索;②沿海省份或大城市海洋产业结构的现状与问题、结构优化与主导产业选择、产业结构绩效评价、竞争力与趋势研究;③区域海洋产业布局模式及优化政策支撑体系研究;④海洋资源与环境的产业承载力评价及海洋功能区划研究;⑤海洋产业集群,尤其是港航集群的初步探索;⑥国外海洋产业发展态势、统计标准与区域海洋产业合作探索。本文初步总结了国内对海洋产业结构与布局研究文献的增长规律,并立足于海洋产业结构与布局研究趋势,指出未来应加强海洋产业结构与布局的前沿领域及理论体系探索,并为我国海洋经济示范区建设提供科学指导。

关键词: 海洋产业, 产业结构, 产业布局, 前沿领域, 国家级海洋经济示范区

Abstract: Structure and layout of maritime industries are important for maritime economic geography research.The development of maritime economy in China has encouraged rapid increase of literatures from Chinese scholars on its industrial structure and layout, characterized with rich case studies on regional maritime economy.However,we think research on the theoretical system of maritime industries structure and layout is still underdeveloped and needs more efforts on theory innovation.The existing Chinese literatures on maritime industry structure and layout can be classified in six parts according to the contents they discussed.(1)the concept and discipline about the structure and layout of maritime industries,and the difference from those industries on land.(2)cases studies of coastal provinces and big cities on the structures of their maritime industries,mainly focusing on the present condition and problem,structure optimization,leading industry selection, performance evaluation,competitiveness and trend.(3)regional layout models of maritime industries,optimization and supporting policies.(4)capacity evaluation of marine resources and environment,and maritime industry zoning and planning.(5)discussion on maritime industry cluster,especially on port and shipping related industries.(6)the development trend of maritime industries in other countries,and the statistic standards and regional cooperation. This paper discusses the increase of Chinese literature on maritime industries structure and layout,offers suggestion on future research exploration in the frontline field and theoretical system building,and scientific guidance for building state-level maritime economy development model district.

Key words: maritime industry, maritime structure, layout of maritime industry, research fronts of maritime economic geography, state-level maritime economy development model district