地理研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 952-964.doi: 10.11821/yj2013050017

• 旅游与聚落地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

地质遗迹资源保护与开发的社区参与模式——以华蓥山大峡谷地质公园为例

罗培1,2, 秦子晗1   

  1. 1. 西华师范大学国土资源学院, 南充637002;
    2. 成都理工大学地球科学学院, 成都610059
  • 收稿日期:2012-07-10 修回日期:2013-02-21 出版日期:2013-05-10 发布日期:2013-05-10
  • 作者简介:罗培(1974- ),男,四川阆中人,在读博士、副教授。主要从事地质遗迹资源、景观地学和地貌学方面的研究和教学。E-mail:luopei1974@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    四川省教育厅自然科学青年项目(11ZB035);西华师范大学科研启动项目(05B046);国家自然科学基金青年项目(41101348)

Community participation models of geological heritage resource conservation and development:A case of Huayingshan grand canyon geo-park

LUO Pei1,2, QIN Zihan1   

  1. 1. Land and Resources College, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637002, China;
    2. College of Earth Sciences, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
  • Received:2012-07-10 Revised:2013-02-21 Online:2013-05-10 Published:2013-05-10

摘要: 以华蓥山大峡谷地质公园为例,应用问卷调查和登门访谈的方法,对地质公园内居民的社区参与现状和意愿进行调查,分析他们对地质遗迹资源保护与开发的认知态度,明确他们在资源开发中的利益诉求。调查表明,在资源保护和开发中社区参与存在的主要问题是,居民参与度低,参与机会有限,有强烈的参与决策、规划、商业经营的愿望,并希望在参与中分享资源开发的利益,参与过程得到政府、企业的保障。本文在现有的经营体制下,从资源保护(含环境保护)、规划决策、商业经营、利益分配、社会参与保障等五个方面,构建了居民在地质遗迹资源保护和利用中的社区参与模型体系,为我国地质遗迹资源保护和开发中的社区参与问题研究和实践提供了参考。

关键词: 地质遗迹资源, 保护与开发, 社区参与模式, 华蓥山大峡谷地质公园

Abstract: Geological heritages,important resources with aesthetic value,scientific value,and great conservation value,have aroused more and more attention from the fields of geonomy and tourism science.During the conservation and exploitation of the geological heritage,the contradiction between the community development and geological heritage conservation and development become increasingly prominent.It is crucial for geological heritage conservation and development to get support from the original inhabitants.It becomes an important issue whether and how the original inhabitants can participate in geological heritage development. Based on the typical case of the Huayingshan grand canyon geo-park,this paper investigated the present situation of community participation and the wishes of the original inhabitants in the geo-park by questionnaire and interview,and analyzed their attitude towards the heritage conservation and development,as well as the interest demands from it.The survey showed that,during the heritage conservation and development,the chances of community participation are very limited,but they show strong desire to participate in decision-making,planning,business operations,and hope to share the benefits of the resource exploitation,besides,they expect to get indemnity from the government and development enterprise.Under the existing management system,this paper constructed a community participation model system on geological heritage development,including geological heritage conservation(mainly environmental protection),planning and decision making,business operation,distribution of benefits and community participation indemnity.The model system fully takes into account the interest of the government,development enterprise and community inhabitants,thus provides a theoretical and practical reference for the study of community participation in geological heritage conservation and development.

Key words: gelogical heritage resources, conservation and development, community participation models, Huayingshan grand canyon geo-park