地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 899-914.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201405009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

首都圈产业分布变化及其空间溢出效应分析——基于制造业从业人数的实证研究

毛琦梁1, 董锁成1, 黄永斌1, 李俊1, 吴殿廷2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-10 修回日期:2014-02-08 出版日期:2014-05-10 发布日期:2014-05-10
  • 作者简介:毛琦梁(1987- ),男,博士生,浙江湖州人,主要研究方向为经济地理和区域经济。E-mail:more1987@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础性工作专项重点项目(2007FY110300)

Spatial spillovers effects and spatial pattern of manufacturing industries evolvement in the Capital Metropolitan Region of China

MAO Qiliang1, DONG Suocheng1, HUANG Yongbin1, LI Jun1, WU Dianting2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2013-09-10 Revised:2014-02-08 Online:2014-05-10 Published:2014-05-10

摘要: 使用探索性空间分析技术,对首都圈制造业空间分布及其变化的地域与行业特征进行了研究,并建立空间计量模型重点分析了中心城市的空间溢出效应对产业空间格局变化的影响。2001-2009 年,多数制造业空间集聚程度表现出不断地加强的趋势,而且分行业的发展热点区在空间上有变化和迁移的现象,总体上工业发展表现出由中心向外围扩散的趋势,临近中心城市的外围郊县区成为工业集聚与发展的热点地区。中心城市发展对区域内的空间溢出效应是推动首都圈产业空间分布变化的重要因素。北京、天津两个中心城市对外围地区产业发展具有一定的空间溢出效应,但这种影响也因产业特征与中心城市产业结构及发展阶段的差异而有所不同。北京整体的发展环境相对有利于对资本、技术、人才需求较高的科技、资本密集型产业,北京本身这类产业的发展会袭夺外围地区的生产要素,引致负面的回流效应;而天津还处于工业化后期阶段,无论是经济总量增长还是分行业的发展对外围地区的空间作用并不具有明显的一致性。

关键词: 空间溢出效应, 扩散&mdash, 回流效应, 产业空间分布, 都市圈, 首都圈

Abstract: This paper researches the area-characteristics and industrial-characteristics of agglomeration and dispersion of manufacturing industries in Capital Metropolitan Region of China by using exploratory Spatial Data Analysis, and evaluates the spatial spillovers effects of core-cities on changes of landscape of economic activities by building on spatial econometrics model. From 2001 to 2009, it has been more evident in reference to the general geographical pattern for most of manufacturing industries, that is, regions with similar development levels tend to be concentrated, and the trend has been intensified. Hot spot of each sector of manufacturing industries has moved to a certain extent. In the context of further agglomeration of aggregated economy in core-areas of Capital Metropolitan Region--Beijing and Tianjin, manufacturing industries tend to spread to surrounding suburban and rural counties. The regions close to core-areas have been the hot spots with respect to industrial development. Spatial spillovers of core-areas are proved in this paper to be one of important factors driving the agglomeration and dispersion of industries. Even though, effects of spatial spillovers vary from industrial sector and core city. Generally, Beijing brings out spread effects to the technology and capital intensive industries, but brings out backwash effects to the labor and energy intensive industries. However, Tianjin has not showed consistent spatial spillovers to surrounding regions in either growth of aggregated economy or specific industry.

Key words: spatial spillovers effects, spread-backwash effect, industrial spatial pattern, metropolitan areas, Capital Metropolitan Region