地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 961-977.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201405014

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

2000年以来中国东部四大沿海城市群城市旅游业发展效率的综合测度与时空特征

李瑞1, 吴殿廷1, 殷红梅2, 胡浩1, 朱桃杏3, 吴孟珊2   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京100875;
    2. 贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 贵阳550001;
    3. 石家庄铁道大学经济与管理学院, 石家庄050043
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-28 修回日期:2013-08-14 出版日期:2014-05-10 发布日期:2014-05-10
  • 通讯作者: 吴殿廷(1958- ),男,辽宁大连人,教授,博士,博士生导师,主要从事城市与区域发展研究。E-mail:wudianting@bnu.edu.cn E-mail:wudianting@bnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李瑞(1984- ),男,贵州贵阳人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市群旅游和乡村社区旅游等。E-mail:liruigznu2008@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41140007,41261035);河北省高等学校科学技术研究青年基金项目(QN1035)

Comprehensive measurement and spatial characteristics of development efficiency for urban tourism in eastern China:A case study of four coastal urban agglomerations

LI Rui1, WU Dianting1, YIN Hongmei2, HU Hao1, ZHU Taoxing3, WU Mengshan2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. School of Geography and Environment Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China;
    3. School of Economics and Management, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang 050043, China
  • Received:2013-05-28 Revised:2013-08-14 Online:2014-05-10 Published:2014-05-10

摘要: 以城市群地级以上城市为生产单元,采用传统DEA、Bootstrap-DEA纠偏和Malmquist指数模型测算和分析中国东部4 大沿海城市群城市旅游业发展效率与时空特征。结果表明:①由传统DEA模型测度的城市群城市旅游业综合效率及其分解效率值均要高于Bootstrap-DEA纠偏模型测度后的效率值,表明了传统模型测度存在明显高估倾向的问题。② 2000 年以来4 大城市群主要直辖市、省会城市和核心城市旅游业投入资源利用综合水平呈持续良好态势;同时,长三角和珠三角城市旅游业平均投入资源利用综合水平呈无效向良好转变,京津冀和山东半岛城市旅游业则呈无效向中等转变。③ 2000 年以来珠三角和长三角城市旅游业综合效率受纯技术效率的影响程度略强于规模效率,而京津冀和山东半岛城市旅游业则反之。④ 2000年以来4 大城市群大多数城市提高幅度大但趋于下降,珠三角和长三角主要直辖市、省会城市和核心城市全要素生产率变化提高幅度略高于京津冀和山东半岛;同时,珠三角、长三角、京津冀和山东半岛城市旅游业平均全要素生产率提高幅度呈依次下降态势。

关键词: 城市旅游业, 发展效率, 沿海城市群, 中国东部

Abstract: Taking prefecture-level cities, vice-provincial cities and provincial capitals in China as analytical units, this paper measures and analyzes urban tourism development efficiency and spatial characteristics of four coastal urban agglomerations in eastern China by adopting the traditional DEA, Bootstrap-DEA and Malmquist models. Major conclusions include: (1) Measured by Bootstrap-DEA model, comprehensive efficiency and factorized efficiency of urban tourism of four urban agglomerations are both lower than those evaluated by traditional DEA model, indicating the obvious overestimate of traditional DEA model. (2) The comprehensive resource utilization efficiencies of urban tourism of municipalities, provincial capitals and main prefecture-level cities in the four urban agglomerations have kept in good condition since 2000;at the same time, the average comprehensive resource utilization efficiencies of urban tourism of Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta urban agglomerations have transformed from ineffective to effective, and those of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations have changed from ineffective to moderately effective. (3) Since 2000, the comprehensive efficiencies of urban tourism of Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta urban agglomerations have been affected by pure technical efficiency slightly more than those have been affected by scale efficiency, while it is opposite for Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations. (4) The Total Factor Productivity (TFP) of most cities in the four urban agglomerations has substantially increased since 2000;the TFP increasing rates of Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta urban agglomerations are both slightly higher than those of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations;however, the overall trend of TFP increasing rates declines. Meanwhile, the average TFP increasing rates of urban tourism of Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shandong Peninsula urban agglomerations decline in turn.

Key words: urban tourism, development efficiency, coastal urban agglomerations, eastern China