地理研究 ›› 1984, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (1): 26-29.doi: 10.11821/yj1984010004

• 纪念竺可祯同志逝世十周年 • 上一篇    下一篇

开拓者的胸怀——纪念竺可桢先生逝世十周年

陈述彭   

  1. 中国科学院遥感应用研究所
  • 出版日期:1984-03-15 发布日期:1984-03-15

THE PATHFINDER’S HEART——IN MEMORY OF LATE PROFESSOR ZHU KEZHEN ON THE 10TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS DEATH

Chen Shupeng   

  1. Institute of Remote Sensing Application, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1984-03-15 Published:1984-03-15

摘要: 我国现代气象学和地理学的先驱,新中国地学界的组织者和教育家竺可桢先生,1974年与世长辞。捧读竺老的遗著和传记,我们大家的心情都是十分悲切、十分怀念的。解放前的十五年,竺老是抚育我们成长的大学校长;建国以后的三十年,又是领导我们从事学习和研究工作的科学院副院长。春风化雨,身教言传,对我来说,的确是毕生受用不尽的。

Abstract: The late professor Zhu Kezhen, once pioneer of China's modern meteorology and geography, the organizer and educationist in New China's geoscien-ces circle, and vice-president of Chinese Academy of Sciences, departed from us forever in 1974. Being one of the pathfinders in the field of geo-sciences, his magnanimous mind has always evoked in me much homage, and I do dearly cherish the memory of him. From 1916 when his article "Rainfall and Storm in China" appeared to the year-1972 when he published "A Preliminary Study on Climatic Variation in China during the Last 5000 Years", he always stood in the forefront of scientific research, holding high the academic banner, pointing out new directions and opening up new paths. He made a profound study on the history of natural sciences and did a lot of organizing and research work to develop China that she may stand among the forest of nations of the world in science. Based on his erudite knowledge and accomplishment, he formed his comprehensive way of thinking academically in his early days. He fully trusted and supported young scientists. He paid respect to and expedited the independent development of various branch discipline such as phenology, history of natural sciences, cartography and so on.During the ten years after the founding of The People's Republic of China, professor Zhu organized hundreds of thousands of scientists to develop geo-sciences in depth and breadth.He proposed the establishment of a commission for integrated survey of natural resources, organized 10 scientific investigations successively on an unprecendented scale, and even undertook for himself the stationing of scientific bases in Northwest China. He guided us in exploing the border areas and imbibed us with the grand idea of exploiting the vast Northwest. All of these did have far-reaching effects. Young scientists have followed his ideals from generation to generation and opened up new prospects, for example, some disciplines like glaciology, desert location research and other aspects of work in resources exploration are well known to the whole world. Besides, professor Zhu also proposed plans for work on the physical regionalization of China, the physical geography of China and the atlas of China. He encouraged Chinese scientific research workers to unite, cooperate, and fulfill the tasks on self-reliance and expected of them that their work should attain an advanced level.Professor Zhu also paid much attention to the reserve and training of talents. For 12 years he had been the president of Zhejiang University which was acclaimed by Joseph Lee as the "Cambridge of the orient". At that time it had bestowed to the country a reserve some talents who have now become a part of mainstay in the sphere of science and technology after the founding of New China.