地理研究 ›› 2014, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 926-936.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201405011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

海航航空网络空间复杂性及演化研究

焦敬娟1,2, 王姣娥1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所/区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-30 修回日期:2013-11-30 出版日期:2014-05-10 发布日期:2014-05-10
  • 通讯作者: 王姣娥(1981- ),女,湖南涟源人,副研究员,研究方向为交通运输地理与区域发展。E-mail:wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:wangje@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:焦敬娟(1988- ),女,河南安阳市人,博士生,研究方向是交通运输地理与区域发展。E-mail:jiaojj.11s@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41371143,41001082);中科院地理资源所秉维优秀青年人才基金项目(2011RC201)

Spatial structure and evolution of Hainan Airlines Network:An analysis of complex network

JIAO Jingjuan1,2, WANG Jiao'e1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modelling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2013-05-30 Revised:2013-11-30 Online:2014-05-10 Published:2014-05-10

摘要: 随着民航业市场改革的推进,航空企业逐渐成为影响我国航空网络最为活跃的主体。海航航空是我国最大的股份制航空企业,其网络的空间结构和演化具有一定的典型性。因此,本文以海航航空为例,采用拓扑网络和复杂网络的相关指标,分析海航航空网络的空间结构及其演化特征。研究发现:海航航空网络仍处在不断的发展中,并逐渐呈现出小世界和无标度的特征;节点的中心性间具有较高的相关性,且介中心性位序-规模的变化速率要明显快于度中心性和邻近中心性;网络的中心性处于下降趋势,即网络内部节点的差异逐步减小;海航航空的枢纽选择从地方逐渐扩展到全国,并已基本形成了以北京、西安和海口为核心的网络结构,而其他层级结构尚不明显。

关键词: 海航航空, 网络结构, 中心性

Abstract: Along with the reforms of civil aviation market, aviation enterprises have more autonomy in the tariff, route selection, flight planning and joint restructuring of aviation enterprises, and become the most active part of the China's aviation network. Therefore, it is of great significance to the spatial structure and complexity of aviation enterprises. Hainan Airlines is the largest joint-stock aviation company in China and the structure of Hainan Airlines network has certain uniqueness. So this paper, taking Hainan Airlines as an example, analyzes its spatial characteristics and complexity and compare it with China's aviation network. As a result, we find that: (1) the network of Hainan Airlines is still in the developing stage, and shows the characteristics of small-world and scale-free;(2) the correlation coefficient between degree centrality and closeness centrality is higher than that between degree centrality and betweenness centrality, and is much higher than that between closeness centrality and betweenness centrality; (3) the slope of the rank-size curve decreases by sequence from betweenness centrality, to degree centrality, and then to closeness centrality;(4) the network centrality is gradually decreasing, and the difference of nodes is reduced;(5) Beijing, Xi'an and Hainan are the cores of the air network of Hainan Airlines, but other hierarchies are unclear yet.

Key words: Hainan Airlines, network structure, centrality