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### 文化旅游地空间生产背景下居民社会空间感知模型与实证研究——基于对周庄古镇的调查

1. 1. 浙江工商大学旅游与城市管理学院, 杭州 310018
2. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210046
3. 无锡商业职业技术学院旅游管理学院, 无锡 214153
• 收稿日期:2014-08-18 修回日期:2014-12-23 出版日期:2015-04-10 发布日期:2015-04-10
• 作者简介:

作者简介：郭文（1978- ）,男,山西汾西人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为旅游空间生产、社会文化地理和旅游地理。E-mail: guowen@mail.zjgsu.edu.cn

• 基金资助:
国家社会科学基金项目（13CGL076）;国家自然科学基金项目（41271149）;教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目（11YJCZH047）;江苏省高校“青蓝工程”优秀青年骨干教师培养计划基金项目;浙江工商大学高层次人才启动基金项目（1040XJ2314008）

### A structural equation model for the empirical study of resident perception of social space in the context of space production at cultural tourist destination:Based on a survey of Ancient Town of Zhouzhuan

Wen GUO1(), Zhenfang HUANG2(), Li WANG3

1. 1. College of Tourism and Urban Management, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, China
2. College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
3. School of Tourism Management, Wuxi Institute of Commerce, Wuxi 214153, Jiangsu, China
• Received:2014-08-18 Revised:2014-12-23 Online:2015-04-10 Published:2015-04-10

Abstract:

Based on the field research, the statistics for resident perception of social space are processed with SPSS18.0 and AMOS17.0 in the context of space production at the cultural tourism destination, Ancient Town of Zhouzhuang. And the measurement research on residents' social space perception model as well as perception differences between and among different types of residents with different occupations is undertaken by means of exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis as well. The study arrives at the following results: Firstly, the analysis of subjects shows that there exists a three-dimension structure in the resident perception of social space, that is, Interest Connection, Value Efficiency and Emotion Attachment; Secondly, the phenomenon of decreased differentiation in perception level is discovered, specifically, from the Interest Connection to the Value Efficiency, and then down to Emotion Attachment; In essence, it reflects the perception rule, a kind of deep structure from the outside layer of economy to social perception, and then to the core of psychological perception. The tested residents do not show overall recognition on tourism development even though they are endowed the chance power of participating in the tourism development on the one hand, on the other hand, the fact that the social identity perception and the psychological identity perception have not been deepened yet presents a contradictory structure in the resident social space perception; Thirdly, successively decreased differentiation is also found in the above-mentioned three-dimension structure for different types of residents with different occupations due to the difference in the content or degree of tourism participation. What's more, difference between each type of group is found. The study comes to the following conclusion: Highly-qualified social space perception assumes comprehensiveness in cognition structure; the imbalance in the resident perception structure of social space triggers new demands upon promoting the social cohesion concerning the production of tourism space; To further advance the resident space participation degree as well as perception, the step-by-step efforts shall be made through the following path, that is, from limited participation to developmental participation and then to a full one. The modest study is hoped to be of any significance for the rational and sustainable tourism development of the Ancient Town of Zhouzhuang.