地理研究 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 2393-2404.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201712010

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

广东增城客家聚落时空演进过程及动力机制

林琳1,2(), 李诗元1, 曾娟3()   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2. 中山大学新华学院,广州 5105203
    3. 中山大学传播与设计学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-10 修回日期:2017-10-24 出版日期:2017-12-15 发布日期:2018-01-18
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:林琳(1964- ),女,广东中山人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为城乡规划和建筑地理。E-mail:eeslinl@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671162,40571053,51208526);广东省省级科技计划项目(2017A070706010)

The evolution and mechanism of Guangdong Zengcheng Hakka settlements

Lin LIN1,2(), Shiyuan LI1, Juan ZENG3()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China
    2. Xinhua College, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510520, China
    3. School of Communication and Design, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China
  • Received:2017-08-10 Revised:2017-10-24 Online:2017-12-15 Published:2018-01-18

摘要:

虽然客家聚落产生的历史较短,但早已成为当今岭南最重要的聚落类型之一。以广州增城客家聚落为研究对象,采用条件logit、历史文献分析、实地调研等方法,探究客家聚落演进过程和作用机制。结果表明:客家常选择血缘、地缘、族群关系相近的区域形成和发展聚落。早期客家聚落较多远离水源丰富、土地肥沃和人口稠密的平原地区;客家聚落经历了雏形期、形成期、稳定发展期和兴盛期四个演进阶段;播迁、裂变和替换不断推动客家聚落在广府地区持续扩展。其中替换广府形成聚落是客家聚落演进的高级形式,表明客家具有较强的竞争力,并实现了客家聚落由较贫瘠的低山丘陵向资源条件较好的盆地及河谷中心地区的拓展。

关键词: 客家聚落, 演进, 条件logit, 增城

Abstract:

Hakka settlement has been becoming one of the most important settlement types in the Lingnan area, albeit it experiences a short history. By focusing on the Hakka settlements in Guangdong Zengcheng, this paper conduct research on the evolution and its role of Hakka settlements, using the conditional logit estimator and historical document analysis as well as spot investigation. Our findings are shown as follows: Hakka tends to form and develop settlements in the region with close ties of clan and blood and the same origin of native place as well as ethnicity relationship, with being far away from the plains having abundant water resources, such as Dongjiang River, fertile and and dense population in Southern Zengcheng. Zengcheng Hakka settlements have experienced four stages, which play different roles. The first stage is rudiment stage, and Hakka immigrated into the area during the Zhengde periods in the middle and late Ming Dynasty. The second stage is formation stage, which laid the foundation of the development by forming fifty rural settlements. The third stage is stable development stage, with not only promoting the development of Hakka culture, but also improving its social status. The fourth stage is consistent of flourish stage, and it achieves the development of both Hakka and Guangfu settlements. Together immigration and subdivision and replacement of villages drive the continual expansion of Hakka in Guangfu area in Guangzhou. As for the replacement, it is an advanced form for the evolution of Hakka settlement, and it further demonstrates Hakka greater competitive power, thus fostering Hakka to expand from the barren and low hill to the basin and valley with better natural resources conditions.

Key words: Hakka settlement, evolution, conditional logit, Zengcheng