地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 649-658.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201804001

• 观点与争鸣 •    下一篇

土地管理三维思维与土地空间资源认知

郭仁忠1,2,3(), 罗平1,2, 罗婷文1,2   

  1. 1. 国土资源部城市土地资源监测与仿真重点实验室,深圳 518034
    2. 深圳市数字城市工程研究中心,深圳 518034
    3. 深圳大学智慧城市研究院,深圳 518060
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-21 修回日期:2018-01-31 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-04-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:郭仁忠(1956- ),男,江苏盐城人,中国工程院院士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为土地资源管理和地理信息技术。E-mail: guorz2013@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    “十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2013BAJ05B04)

Three-dimensional thinking for land management and land space resources recognition

Renzhong GUO1,2,3(), Ping LUO1,2, Tingwen LUO1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Urban Land Resources Monitoring and Simulation, Ministry of Land and Resources of China, Shenzhen 518034, Guangdong, China
    2. Shenzhen Research Center of Digital City Engineering, Shenzhen 518034, Guangdong, China
    3. Research Institute for Smart Cities, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2017-11-21 Revised:2018-01-31 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-20
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

基于城市发展的三维理念轨迹及土地立体化利用趋势,采用文献检索与综合分析法,剖析土地管理重视三维思维的原因,辨析土地的空间特质,提出土地空间资源的概念内涵,初探土地空间资源管理制度和技术,以促进土地领域实践问题解决。结果显示:① 土地管理三维思维符合社会发展和土地利用趋势,是基于土地管理实践而衍生的创新需求。② 土地作为资源的本质属性之一是空间性,具备三维空间特质;土地空间资源是土地资源概念的外延,是以土地表层为基底或脱离土地表层的可利用的三维空间存在。③ 土地空间资源的提出,能引发土地管理领域在理念、制度和技术上进行三维思维化的重构与创新,具有科学意义和实践价值。

关键词: 土地管理, 立体化利用, 三维思维, 土地空间资源

Abstract:

In the background of social-economic elements agglomeration and increasing land resources shortage accompanied with industrialization and urbanization progress, stereoscopic land-use appeared and developed constantly, with the primary features of developing and constructing the ground, upground and underground spaces in spatial cell and multiple functions. Based on the path of three-dimensional urban development and the tendency of stereoscopic land use, using document retrieval and comprehensive analysis, this paper dissects the urgency of strengthening three-dimensional thinking in land management, analyzes the essential attribute and spatial traits of land, proposes the concept and connotation of land space resources, and pre-explores the system and technology of land space resources management, therefore to promote the development of land discipline and the solution of land problems.
Results show that: (1) three-dimensional thinking in land management, which aligns with the tendencies of social development and land use, is an innovative demand based on land management practice. (2) One of the essential attributes of land as the resource is the spatiality with the three-dimensional features. Land space resources, as the extension of land resources, are available three-dimensional spatial existence with the base of or separated from land surface. (3) The recognition of land space resources will initiate the reconstruction and innovation of conceptions, systems and technologies in land management field, which is of theoretical significance and practical value.
Some conclusions can be drawn as follows: developing the three-dimensional thinking in land management based on the continuation of current land management theory and technology, and exploring the land space resources management framework is of theoretical and practical significance. It is necessary to further deepen the theoretical understanding and scientific methodology of three-dimensional management. Then a systematical research and development can follow.

Key words: land management, stereoscopic land-use, three-dimensional thinking, land space resources