地理研究 ›› 2018, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 1297-1307.doi: 10.11821/dlyj201807004

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地方产业抵御经济危机的弹性影响因素——以电子信息产业为例

王琛(), 郭一琼   

  1. 浙江大学地球科学学院,杭州 310027
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-28 修回日期:2018-05-30 出版日期:2018-07-30 发布日期:2018-08-03
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王琛(1981- ),女,湖北天门人,博士,副教授,博士生导师,唐仲英青年学者,主要从事产业集群与区域经济发展研究。E-mail:chencwang@zju.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471101,41471113)

Resilience and resistance of local industry to economic crisis: A case study of China's IT industry

Chen WANG(), Yiqiong GUO   

  1. School of Earth Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
  • Received:2018-02-28 Revised:2018-05-30 Online:2018-07-30 Published:2018-08-03
  • About author:

    Author: Shi Zhenqin (1988-), PhD, specialized in regional development and land space management in mountain areas. E-mail: kevinszq@163.com

    *Corresponding author: Deng Wei (1957-), Professor, specialized in mountain environment and regional development.

    E-mail: dengwei@imde.ac.cn

摘要:

作为区域经济的重要载体,地方产业抵御经济危机的弹性影响机制却鲜少有研究且尚无定论。以电子信息产业为例,利用中国工业企业调查数据库,运用回归分析的法探讨了影响地方产业弹性的主要因素。研究发现:中国电子信息产业的经济弹性存在着地域差异;地方产业内企业的异质性、龙头企业的影响力、地方产业的开放性、动态性和业务结构对电子产业的经济弹性均有显著的正向影响。在中国现阶段的经济制度背景下,轮轴式的地方产业结构可能比小企业为主的产业区更能促进当地的产业弹性。地方政府在扶持地方产业发展的过程中,不仅要保持地方产业内企业的异质性、动态性和开放性,也要注重发挥龙头企业的带领作用。

关键词: 地方产业, 经济弹性, 抵御力, 敏感性, 电子信息产业

Abstract:

Little research has been done on the resilience and resistance of local industries the play a major role in regional economy. This study investigates the main influencing factors of the regional economic resilience of China's IT industry, with a large-scale firm-level survey data from National Bureau of Statistics. Our regression analyses reveal that the firm heterogeneity within the regional industry, the role of local technology gatekeepers, the openness, dynamics and business structure of the local industry jointly exert significantly positive influences on the regional economic resilience of China's IT industry. This suggests that the hub-and-spoke industrial districts may be more resilient than the Marshallian industrial districts under the transitional background of China. Local governments should encourage the co-existence of heterogeneous firms in terms of knowledge base, attract new and younger firms, maintain an open environment for local industries and pay more attention to the leading role of technological gatekeepers so as to enhance the economic resilience of local industries.

Key words: local industry, economic resilience, resistance, vulnerability, IT industry