地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 1092-1104.doi: 10.11821/yj2010060014

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

城中村流动人口的时间利用以及生活活动时空间结构——对北京5个城中村的调查

兰宗敏1, 冯健2   

  1. 1. 北京大学政府管理学院,北京 100871;
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-26 修回日期:2010-03-30 出版日期:2010-06-20 发布日期:2010-06-20
  • 通讯作者: 冯健(1975-),男,江苏沛县人,博士,副教授。主要从事城市地理学研究。E-mail: fengjian@pku.edu.cn E-mail:fengjian@pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:兰宗敏(1985-),男,河北承德人,博士生。主要从事区域经济学研究。lanzongmin@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40971085);国家科技支撑计划课题(2006BAJ11B01)

The time allocation and spatio-temporal structure of the activities of migrants in 'village in city’: Surveys in five 'villages in city&rsquo|in Beijing

LAN Zong-min1, FENG Jian2   

  1. 1. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2009-12-26 Revised:2010-03-30 Online:2010-06-20 Published:2010-06-20

摘要: 基于北京5个城中村的问卷调查,从个体行为的角度系统研究了城中村流动人口日常生活活动的时间利用特征以及时空间结构。研究发现:工作日中工作活动是支配活动,对其他活动时间起到制约作用,休息日娱乐时间占据主导地位,男女在时间分配特征上体现出较大不同;城中村流动人口工作日和休息日活动的时空间结构在性别上表现出明显的一致性;在时间上,休息日大部分活动集中在自家;家中娱乐活动出现较强晚间高峰;在性别上,男性比女性外出娱乐活动多,出行距离更远,女性家务活动多于男性。人群个体日常活动的规律性可以为掌握城市人群生活空间结构、制定城市规划等提供重要参考。

关键词: 城中村, 流动人口, 时间利用, 时空间结构, 北京市

Abstract: Since the 1900s, the research of human geography has changed from macro to micro perspective. Time-geography, which was born during the late 1960s, provides an effective tool for the micro-research. During the last several decades, the theory and research method of time-geography has been deeply developed. As an important part of time-geography, the research of spatio-temporal structure of daily activities has made great progress, with the trend of classified individual research. At the same time, as the special phenomenon during the development of the city, 'village in city’ has been paid more and more attention by the government, scholars and so on. Thus, the study on the migrant, which is the main body of population in 'village in city’, is significant for the transformation of 'village in city’. What is more, the study can also provide references for analyses of the spatio-temporal structure of daily activities from the classified individual research with questionnaire survey. Based on the questionnaire surveys in five 'villages in city’ in Beijing, the article analyzes the characteristics of time allocation and spatio-temporal structure of the activities of migrants in 'village in city’ through the individual perspective. The conclusion can be drawn as follows. First, work is the dominating activity on weekdays and has restrictive function on other activities, while recreation is the dominating activity on weekends. Thus, gender differences are significant in characteristics of time allocation. Second, many characteristics are consistent between men and women on the spatio-temporal structure of the activities of migrants in 'village in city’ on weekdays and weekends. Third, as to the time allocation of the activities of migrants in 'village in city’, most time is spent at home on weekends. Fourth, the people take most recreation activities in the evening and make a "busy hour". Fifth, as to the gender differences, men spend more time on recreation activities outside while women spend more time on housework, especially, men's trip distance is greater than women's. The conclusions can be useful for the policy making of 'villages in city’ and it can provide fundamental materials for the further study on urban spatio-temporal structure and urban planning through the analysis of the regularity of individual activities.

Key words: village in city’, migrants, time allocation, spatio-temporal structure, Beijing