地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 748-756.doi: 10.11821/yj2010040017

• 旅游与文化 • 上一篇    下一篇

南京江心洲旅游景观健康评价

刘佳雪1,2, 沙润1, 周年兴1   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,江苏 南京 210046;
    2. 东北农业大学,黑龙江 哈尔滨 150030
  • 收稿日期:2009-07-26 修回日期:2009-12-07 出版日期:2010-04-20 发布日期:2010-04-20
  • 通讯作者: 沙润 (1948-),男,教授,博士生导师。研究方向旅游景观、旅游地理学。E-mail:sharun@njnu.edu.cn E-mail:sharun@njnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘佳雪(1980-),女,吉林白城人,讲师,博士研究生。研究方向景观生态学、旅游规划与管理。 E-mail:ljx198045@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40901064)和江苏省高校自然科学基金(08KJD170002)

Assessing tourism landscape health: A case study of Nanjing Jiangxinzhou

LIU Jia-xue1,2, SHA Run1, ZHOU Nian-xing1   

  1. 1. College of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China;
    2. College of Human Society Science, Northeast Agriculture University, Harbin 150030, China
  • Received:2009-07-26 Revised:2009-12-07 Online:2010-04-20 Published:2010-04-20

摘要:

在对景观健康理论和旅游景观特征分析基础上,初步建立了以压力-状态-响应模型为主线的旅游景观健康评价体系。参照国家环境质量标准、生态城市以及旅游景区评定标准等确定了相对健康的目标值。设计采用熵权-灰色关联模糊评价法,依据评价对象与目标值序列的相似程度,将评价结果划分为5个等级。整合遥感和统计调查数据,对南京江心洲2001~2007年旅游景观健康进行了跟踪评价。研究结果表明:在2001~2002年旅游集中开发建设时期,研究区旅游景观综合健康指数下降;随着响应的健康指数持续上升,2002年后下降速度减缓,2005年后开始逐渐上升,但一直处于亚健康水平(≤0.7),压力健康指数持续下降限制了旅游景观健康综合水平的提高;旅游景观状态的健康指数在短暂下降后呈上升态势;设施用地的无序扩张、化肥施用量居高不下、林地减少和破碎化等问题需要引起重视。

关键词: 旅游景观健康, 健康评价, 南京江心洲

Abstract:

Healthy tourism landscape provides fundamental basis for the realization of tourism sustainable development. Assessment of tourism landscape health will be of great significance to identify potential crisis, strategy and decision making for tourism destination management. Based on the summary and analysis of landscape health theory and tourism landscape characteristics, integrated assessment indexes system was established according to the pressure-state-response model. The results of tourism landscape health assessment were classified into five categories through entropy weight-grey relation-fuzzy method. This paper, taking Nanjing Jiangxizhou as a case study, assessed tourism landscape health of 2001, 2002, 2005 and 2007. Results shows that the tourism landscape comprehensive health index decreased during the period of intensive opening up from 2001 to 2002, then the rate of decline slowed down after 2002, and began to increase after 2005, but kept a level of semi-health, hence the relationship between tourism activity and environment still needs to be adjusted. Although the tendency of state index of tourism landscape health exhibited short decreasing and then slightly uprising, under the disturbance of intense tourism activity and environmental pollution, even facing the risk of disappearing. Unreasonable infrastructure land use, agricultural pollution, deforestation and fragmentation contribute more to tourism landscape health change, which should be given more attention.

Key words: tourism landscape health, health assessment, Nanjing Jiangxinzhou