地理研究 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 549-560.doi: 10.11821/yj2009020027

• 旅游与文化 • 上一篇    

世界遗产视野中的京杭运河北端通惠河

阙维民   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2008-05-17 修回日期:2008-12-06 发布日期:2010-11-09
  • 作者简介:阙维民(1957-),北京大学城市与区域规划系暨北京大学世界遗产研究中心教授,博导。 E-mail:wmgue@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技部"科技基础性工作专项·地理学方法研究"(2007FY140800)

World heritage perspective on Tonghui River, the northern section of Grand Canal

QUE Wei-min   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2008-05-17 Revised:2008-12-06 Published:2010-11-09
  • Supported by:

    国家科技部"科技基础性工作专项·地理学方法研究"(2007FY140800)

摘要:

通惠河是元明清时期京杭运河北端的漕运河道,但列入UNESCO世界遗产预备名录的京杭运河项目中并未包括通惠河。为了在正式申报时弥补这一缺憾,笔者于2007年底对通惠河的历史地理与遗产资源做了文献梳理、社会调研与实地勘察,结果显示:通惠河的运河遗产资源价值较高,但运河遗产资源的环境现状不容乐观,原住居民对运河遗产资源的认知程度不高,运河遗产资源的保护管理力度不够。有鉴于此,建议从三个方面加强通惠河遗产资源的保护与管理:重点保护符合申遗标准的遗产资源;综合整治遗产资源本体及其环境;传承发扬运河历史文脉与非物质遗产。

关键词: 京杭运河, 通惠河, 遗产资源, 保护与管理

Abstract:

Canal heritage is an important part of cultural heritage. The Grand Canal has been added to the Tentative List of World Heritage, but there have been relatively few studies on the heritage resource & cultural value of the Canal, especially on the northern section of the Canal in Beijing. Even in the Description of The Grand Canal on website of UNESCO World Heritage Committee, there are no words about the section of the Canal in Beijing (including the Tonghui River). This paper aims at paying close attention to the canal heritage resource & cultural value of the Tonghui and other sections of the Canal in Beijing. The section of Tonghui River, located in Chaoyang District of Beijing City, was a major royal canal in the east of Beijing City during the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. It is rich in cultural heritage resource. Now the River is serving as the city channel for discharging flood instead of a royal transport line. Along with the Beijing's urban expansion eastwards, it is urgent for us to harness and protect the environment and heritage resource of the Tonghui River. It is shown that, by the investigation along the Tonghui River done at the end of 2007, there is much canal heritage resource with high cultural value but insufficient public awareness and technical support. Therefore, in order to protect and manage canal heritage resource effectively, the paper proposes three suggestions: to protect key heritage resource of the River that conforms to the criterion for inscribing it into the World Heritage List; to renovate comprehensively heritage resource and setting of the River; and to inherit the canal history and intangible heritage of the River for future generations.

Key words: world heritage, heritage resource, Grand Canal, Tonghui River