地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (11): 2035-2044.doi: 10.11821/yj2010110012

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

市域开发空间区划方法与应用——以南京市为例

祁豫玮1, 顾朝林2   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210093;
    2. 清华大学建筑学院,北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2009-11-20 修回日期:2010-06-23 出版日期:2010-11-20 发布日期:2010-11-20
  • 作者简介:祁豫玮(1969-),男,博士生。主要从事区域分析与区域规划以及宏观经济政策研究。 E-mail:qiyuwei@hotmail.com. 顾朝林(1958-),男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要从事城市与区域规划研究。 E-mail:gucl@tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目"中国城市化格局、过程及其机理研究"(40435013)

Study on the methods and their application for the urban development spatial division: A case of Nanjing

QI Yu-wei1, GU Chao-lin2   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2009-11-20 Revised:2010-06-23 Online:2010-11-20 Published:2010-11-20

摘要:

主体功能区是近年来各级政府和学术界共同关注的热点。论文以主体功能区规划的理念和原则为指导,将主体功能区划的方法延伸到市域空间尺度,提出城市区域开发空间分区方法及应用模式,将市域发展区划分为优化开发、重点开发、限制开发和禁止开发等四大类。在相关理论及已有研究成果的基础上,对城市开发空间区划的理论模型与方法路径进行探讨。通过空间开发约束、空间开发引导和空间开发强度三方面要素的对空间功能区域综合分析,采用两次两维矩阵的判别方法,并将空间开发引导和空间开发约束先构建二维判别矩阵,得出空间开发的适宜性分类,将空间开发的适宜性结果与现状空间开发强度进行组合判别,从而确定空间开发的功能类型。根据不同类型的功能区域,确定空间未来的利用。同时选取南京为实证研究对象,对理论模型与技术方法的实际应用进行验证,对南京市域进行数据分析,提出南京开发空间分区方案,并依此引导城市空间战略的调整,力求对南京空间秩序的开发、空间方向的拓展、产业布局的调整等具有一定的指引作用。

关键词: 市域开发, 空间区划, 矩阵判别方法, 南京市

Abstract:

In recent years, the main function zone planning (MFZP) has become a hot topic for all levels of government and academia. This paper focuses on the MFZP on the urban space dimension, namely the urban Development Spatial Region (DSR), which has been advanced by experts in China. And the city is divided into four major categories of optimized development, key development, restricted development, and prohibited development. Based on the existing theory and research, the paper explores the theoretical model and methodological options of urban DSR, and analyzes DSP from three aspects of constraint of development, guidance of development and intensity of space development. Using the two-dimensional matrix, constraint of development and guidance of development construct the matrix. And then, in combination of the matrix with the intensity of space development, the result of DSR can be obtained. Different kinds of SR imply different applications. In the aspect of empirical research, Nanjing as a study case is applied by the theoretical model and methodological options of the urban DSR. The paper provides the space distribution solutions for Nanjing's development, so as to optimize Nanjing's urban spatial development strategy. And it has some guidance for the development of spatial order, the direction of the expansion of space, industrial layout adjustment, as well as some reference for the relevant research of the main function zone planning in Nanjing.

Key words: development spatial division, matrix methods, application, Nanjing