地理研究 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 605-613.doi: 10.11821/yj2004050004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

风景名胜区规划实施的景观生态效应——以南京市幕燕风景名胜区为例

蔡龙, 赵清, 丁登山   

  1. 南京大学城市与资源学系,南京210008
  • 收稿日期:2004-04-01 修回日期:2004-06-26 出版日期:2004-10-15 发布日期:2004-10-15
  • 作者简介:蔡龙(1965-),男,江苏扬中市人,博士生。研究方向为土地资源与环境。E-mail:cailong@x263.net
  • 基金资助:

    南京市规划局“幕燕风景区总体规划”;南京市建委“幕燕风景区绿化和林相改造规划”项目

Research on landscape ecological effects of scenic spot planning:a case study of Muyan Scenic Spot, Nanjing

CAI Long, ZHAO Qing, DING Deng-shan   

  1. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2004-04-01 Revised:2004-06-26 Online:2004-10-15 Published:2004-10-15

摘要:

景观生态学不仅可为风景名胜区的规划设计提供新的理论和方法 ,而且通过对规划实施后可能引起的景观生态效应的研究 ,还可以为进一步完善改进规划提供重要的科学依据。本文以南京市幕燕风景名胜区为例 ,从风景区的景观格局、景观生态质量、景观稳定性等方面分析了风景区规划实施的景观生态效应 ,并据此提出改进完善风景区规划的建议。

关键词: 风景区规划, 景观生态效应, 幕燕风景名胜区, 景观生态学

Abstract:

Landscape ecology could provide not only new theory and methods for scenic spot planning, but also scientific bases for improving the planning through study on the possible landscape ecological effects caused by implementing the planning. Taking Muyan Scenic Spot of Nanjing as an example, the possible changes before and after implementing the planning in such aspects as landscape pattern, landscape ecological quality, landscape stability are analysed. Based on this study, improvement of the scenic spot planning has been proposed. This paper contains the following contents: 1)According to the requirement of landscape evaluation and planning, landscape unit survey and mapping are carried out in Muyan Scenic Spot, and a landscape classification system in this area is established; 2)based on the scenic area planning, possible landscape changes are analyzed on the assumption that the planning has been implemented; 3)changes in landscape spatial structure after implementing the planning are analyzed by using landscape spatial pattern analysis method; 4)landscape ecological quality before and after implementing the planning is qualitatively and quantitatively estimated; 5)based on the analyses of recovery, persistence, and noise immunity of the landscape, landscape stability before and after implementing the planning is evaluated; and 6)according to the above evaluation and analysis, landscape ecological effects of the scenic spot are concluded and suggestions on planning improvement are made.

Key words: scenic spot planning, landscape ecological effect, Muyan Scenic Spot, landscape ecology